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36. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:17 ]
italielebma chrdiloet afrikashi, iseve rogorc evropashi, britanelta winaaghmdeg mteli rigi damarcxebebisa iwvnies. 1940 wels libiashi wamowyebuli italielta sheteva totaluri marcxit damtavrda. germanelma generalma ervin romelma 1941 wlis tebervalshi miigho brdzaneba mokavshire italielebi daecva. romelis xelqveit mxolod susti shenaertebi idgnen. sheafasa ra sheqmnili situacia, romeli mivida im daskvnamde rom ingliselta shetevis shemtxvevashi tavisi susti jarebit tavdacvas ver shedzlebda. amitom man gadawyvita tviton sheetia mowinaaghmdegisatvis da gamoeyenebina moulodnelobis efeqti.

31 marts romelma sheteva daiwyo. misi shetevis mtavari dzala mimartuli iyo mersa bregas winaaghmdeg, rom shemdeg kirenaikasken gachriliyo. romelis varaudi gamartlda, operacia warmatebit ganxorcielda da germanelebma bengazic ki aighes. 10 martisatvis "afrikis korpusi" aghmosavlet libiur port-cixesimagres tobruks miadga, romelic mcire xnit adre italielebma gaamagres da shemdeg titqmis ubrdzolvelad datoves. mteli 1 tvis ganmavlobashi romelis armia ushedego ierishs ierishze awarmoebda tobrukis winaaghmdeg. 13 aprils romelma ierishi shewyvita. aseve shewyvetil iqna winsvlac, vinaidan germanuli armiis momarageba zurgidan sheferxebebit mimdinareobda. orive mebrdzoli mxare poziciur saomar situaciaze gadavida.

noemberis dasawyisshi britanelebma kontrsheteva wamoiwyes. 26 noembers britanelta meore kontierishis shemdeg tobrukis garnizonma moaxerxa alyis garghveva. 7 dekembers "afrikis korpusma" daixia gazalas tavdacvit xazamde. tumc es ukanadaxeva didxans ar gagrdzelebula. 1942 wlis ianvarshi romelma kvlav ierishi miitana tobrukze. 1942 wlis 26 maiss man daiwyo tobrukze sheteva - koduri saxeli "operacia tezeusi". mdzime satanko brdzolebis shemdeg germanelebma da misma mokavshireebma shedzles 10 ivniss aeghot bir haxeimi, xolo 20 ivniss aghebul iqna tobruki. am warmatebisatvis romels general-feldmarshalis samxedro wodeba mienicha.
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37. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:18 ]
shemdgomi mizani egvipteze sheteva iyo. germanelebs unda aeghot aleqsandria da suecis arxi. am miznebs win gadaeghoba britanelta sardali bernard montgomeri. el alameinis maxloblad britanelebma tavdacvis 65 km-iani xazi aages da germanelta sheteva sheacheres. 23 oqtombers montgomeris kontsheteva wamoiwyo. "afrikis korpusi" britebze ricxobrivad mcire iyo da idzulebuli gaxda ukan daexia. germanelta situacia sruliad uimedo sheiqmna mas shemdeg rac 8 noembers amerikelebi gadmosxdnen kasablankashi da alzhirshi ("operacia torchi") da germanelta zurgshi meore fronti gaxsnen. 13 noembers qalaqi tobruki britanelebma aighes.

1943 wels romels ukandaxevis meti sxva gza ar hqonda. 23 ianvars britebma aighes tripoli. mart-aprilshi germaniisa da mis mokavshireta jarebi alyashi aghmochdnen ("tunisis kampania"). germanelta sheupovari brdzola mxolod maretis xazze grdzeldeboda. 13 maiss "afrikis korpusi" idzulebuli gaxda kapitulacia gamoecxadebina.
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38. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:21 ]
hitlaris sikvdilis shemdeg grosadmirali karl dionici 1 maisiss fiureris anderdzisamebr germaniis raixsprezidenti gaxda. dionics surda germaneli meomrebi dasavlel mokavshireebs chabarebodnen tyved, rata tavi daexsnat ssrk-is shurisdziebisagan. amisatvis man gamoacxada, rom aghmosavlet frontze brdzola grdzeldeboda. 2 maiss dionicma tavisi shtabi jer kidev germanelta xelshi myof qalaq flensburgshi ganatavsa da sheadgina mtavroba, romelsac xelmdzghvanelobda raixis finansta ministri grafi shverin fon krozigki.

4 maiss norvegiashi britanelta winaaghmdeg mebrdzolma «vermaxtis» shenaertebma, romeltac xelmdzghvanelobdat «krigsmarines» axlad danishnuli metauri general-admirali hans-georg fon frideburgi kapitulacia gamoacxades. 7 maiss general-polkovnikma alfred iodlma reimsshi xeli moawera dasavleli mokavshireebis winashe germaniis usityvo kapitulacias. momdevno dghes berlin-karlshortshi igive gaaketa oghond amjerad ssrk-is winashe general-feldmarshalma vilhelm kaitekma. 9 maiss germaniis sruli kapitulacia dzalashi shevida.

miuxedavad kapitulacia germanelta xelshi iyo franguli qalaqebi: bresti, la-rosheli, loriani da sen-nazeri, aseve avstriis nawili, shlezvig-holstaini da bohemia..
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39. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:23 ]
III periodi xasiatdeba saomar moqmedebata masshtabebisa da dadzabulobis zrdit. fashisturi germaniis mesveurebi yvela sashualebit cdilobdnen gamarjvebis mighwevas ssrk-ze. fashisturi diqtaturis rezhimma ukiduresobamde gaadzliera eqspluatacia, represiebi da dzarcva okupirebuli qveynebis resursebis maqsimaluri gamoyenebis miznit. fashisturi germaniisatvis mushaobda titqmis mteli evropis mrewveloba, soflis meurneoba da transporti. 1942 noembershi 267 diviziidan da 5 brigadidan, romelic germanias hyavda, 192 divizia (71%) da 5 brigada moqmedebda witeli armiis winaaghmdeg. garda amisa, ssrk-germaniis frontze ibrdzoda germaniis satelitta 66 divizia da 13 brigada. am periodshic meore msoflio omis mtavar frontad kvlav ssrk-germaniis fronti rcheboda.

1942 wlis 19 noembers daiwyo sabchota jarebis kontrsheteva stalingradtan (stalingradis brdzola 1942-1943). 1943 wels kursktan brdzolebshi (kurskis brdzola 1943)fashisturi germaniis jarebis ganadgurebis shedegad moxda dziritadi gardatexa meore msoflio omis msvelobashi. fashisturi germania idzulebuli gaxda gadasuliyo strategiul tavdacvaze. sabchota armiam daiwyo farto sheteva mtel frontze. 1943 zafxulsa da shemodgomaze gaatavisufles donbasi da marcxena napiris ukraina, gadalaxes dnepri da daiwyo belorusiis gatavisufleba. 1942 shemodgomidan ertgvarad gaaqtiurda didi britaneti da ashsh-is samxedro moqmedeba. 1942 oqrombris bolos daiwyo inglisis me-8 armiis (sardali generali montgomeri) sheteva chrdiloet afrikashi. el-alamainis brdzolashi (1942 wlis 23 oqtomberi-4 noemberi) gamarjvebis shemdeg inglisis jarebi 3 tvis ganmavlobashi utevdnen general-feldmarshal romelis jarebs afrikis chrdiloet sanapiros gaswcriv da gavidnen tunisis samxret sazghvartan. 1942 wlis 8 noembers daiwyo amerika-inglisis saeqspedicio dzalebis (150 at.) gadasxma safrangetis chrdiloet afrikashi. male mokavshireebma daikaves maroko, alzhiri, shevidnen tunisshi. 1943 zafxulshi mokavshireta jarebma daikaves kundzuli sicilia. seqtembers gadasxes sazghvao desantebi apeninis naxevar kundzulze (italiis kampania 1943-1945). sabchota armiis gamarjvebebi xels uwyobda evropis xalxta antifashisturi brdzolis aghmavlobas.

omis III periodshi moxda arsebiti cvlilebebi wynar okeanesa da aziashi mebrdzol mxareta dzalta tanafardobashi. 1943 ganmavlobashi amerikis jarebi gadasxdnen axal gvineaze, gandevnes iaponelebi aleutis kundzulebidan, sagrdznobi zarali miayenes iaponiis samxedro da savachro flots.
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40. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:25 ]
1944 dasawyisshi 315 diviziisa da 10 brigadidan, romelic fashistur germanias hyavda, 198 divizia da 6 brigada ssrk-germaniis frontze ibrdzoda. didi samamulo omis msvlelobam cxadyo, rom ssrk-s sakutari dzalebit sheedzlo fashistur germaniaze gamarjvebis mopoveba da evropis gatavisufleba fashisturi ughlisagan. 1944 zafxulisatvis saertashoriso da samxedro vitareba iseti iyo, rom me-2 frontis gaxsnis shemdgom dayovnebas shedegad mohyveboda mteli evropis gatavisufleba ssrk-is dzalebit. asetma perspeqtivam aidzula ashsh-isa da didi britanetis mmartveli wreebi daechqarebinat shechra dasavlet evropashi la-manshis mxridan. mokavshireebs dzalta absoluturi upiratesoba gaachndat. 2 wlis samzadisis shemdeg, 1944 wlis 6 ivniss daiwyo normandiis sadesanto operacia. 1944 wlis 19 agvistos parizshi daiwyo ajanyeba. mokavshireta jarebis misvlis momentisatvis dedaqalaqi ukve frangi patriotebis xelshi iyo. udidesi sheteviti operaciebit aghinishna 1944 zafxuli da shemodgoma. 1944 belorusiis operaciis shedegad gatavisuflda belorusia da litvis ssr mnishvnelovani nawili. sabchota jarebma polonetis I armiis nawilebtan ertad daiwyes polonetis gatavisufleba. ruminetis mshromelebma komunisturi partiis xelmdzghvanelobit 1944 wlis 23 agvistos daamxes i. antoneskus samxedro-fashisturi diqtatura, 9 seqtembers ajanyebis shedegad bulgaretshi daemxo monarqistuli fashisturi rezhimi da sheiqmna samamulo frontis mtavroba, romelmac omi gamoucxada germanias. 29 agvistos daiwyo slovakiis sheiaraghebuli ajanyeba fashisturi dampyrobta winaaghmdeg. sabchota jarebma 20 seqtembers daiwyes chexoslovakiis gatavisufleba. amave dros iugoslaviis saxalxo-ganmatavisuflebeli armiis nawilebma sabchota armiis aqtiuri monawileobit 20 oqtombers gaatavisufles belgradi..
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41. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:27 ]
1944 wels dampyrobtagan gatavisuflda norvegiis chrdiloet-aghmosavletis raioni. 1945 dasawyisisatvis fashisturi germania ekonomiuri da samxedro resursebi gamoifita. 1944 shua xanidan nedleulis dziritadi wyaroebis dakargvis gamo swrafad ecemoda samxedro warmoeba. miuxedavad amisa, fashistebis mmartvel xrovas antihitlerul koaliciashi ganxetqilebis imedi hqonda da omis gachianurebas cdilobda. 1944 wlis 16 dekembers fashisturma jarebma daiwyes kontrsheteva ardenshi. inglis-amerikis mtavrobebma sabchota mtavrobas stxoves aghmosavlet frontze shetevis dachqareba. visla-oderis operaciis msvlelobashi sabchota jarebma gaanadgures germaniis fashistta dajgufeba vislasa da oders shoris, gaanadgures 35 divizia da mdzime zarali miayenes 25 divizias. aghmosavlet prusiis operaciis (1945)dros ganadgurda germanelta 25 divizia da mdzime zarali ganicada 12 diviziam. sabchota jarebma ierishit aighes kenigsbergi. 1945 wlis teberval-aprilis I naxevarshi gaanadgures mtris msxvili dajgufebebi aghmosavlet pomeraniasa da sileziashi, gaatavisufles baltiis zghvis sanapiro dancigidan oderamde. germaniis winaaghmdeg moqmedebis koordinaciisatvis da evropashi omis shemdeg wesrigis damyarebis sakitxebtan dakavshirebit 1945 wlis 4-11 tebervals ialtashi shedga ssrk-is, ashsh-isa da didi britanetis xelmdzghvanelta konferencia..
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42. *ANA (Off)
[ 10 აპრ 2010, 19:28 ]
fashisturi germaniis winaaghmdegobis ukanaskneli centri berlini iyo. 16 aprils daiwyo grandiozuli berlinis operacia (1945). hitleris tvitmkvlelobis shemdeg (30 aprili) admiral denicis metaurobit sheiqmna mtavroba, romelic witeli armiis winaaghmdeg brdzolis gagrdzelebas cdilobda. 6-11 maiss sabchota armiebma chaatares praghis operacia (1945). farto frontit shetevis shedegad sabchota sheiaraghebulma dzalebma daasrules centraluri da samxret-aghmosavletis evropis qveynebis gatavisufleba. 4 maiss xelmoweril iqna aqti germanelta jarebis danebebis shesaxeb niderlandshi, chrdiloet-dasavlet germaniashi, shlezvig-holshtainsa da daniashi. 5 maiss danebdnen fashisturi jarebi samxret da dasavlet avstriashi, bavariashi, tirolshi da sxva raionebshi. 8 maiss, shuaghamisas sabchota jarebis mier dakavebuli karlshorstis gareubanshi germaniis umaghlesi mtavarsardlobis warmomadgenlebma feldmarshal v. kaitelis metaurobit xeli moaweres aqts fashisturi germaniis sheiareghebuli dzalebis usityvo kapitulaciis shesaxeb. usityvo kapitulacia sabchota mtavrobis davalebit miigho sabchota kavshiris marshalma g. zhukovma ashsh-is, didi britanetisa da safrangetis warmomadgenlebtan ertad.
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