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1. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 17:52 ]
momaval dedebs daexmareba es tema imedi maqvs :) tema aris sainformacio da nu dapostavt torem tqveni postebi chaitvleba offtopshi :)


orsulobis pirveli obieqturi nishnebi da shegrdznebebi
I nishani - chveuli menstrualuri ciklis ararseboba
es nishani orsulobis obieqturi arsebobis yvelaze utyuar mtkicebulebad itvleba istoriuladac da tanamedrove medicinis enazec. tumca zusti „ki“ an „ara“-stvis mainc rcheba shemdegi „tu“-ebi:
tu araregularuli iyo menstrualuri cikli orsulobamdec, es nishani ubralod ar xvdeba yuradghebis centrshi;
tu menstrualuri fazis dawyebam daigviana, shesadzloa es ukavshirdebodes hormonaluri darghvevebisa da sxvadasxva daavadebebis (dziritadad infeqciuris) arsebobas;
piriqitac, shesadzloa gamochndes mcire sisxliani gamonadeni, romelic vitardeba qalebis 20%-shi da ukavshirdeba embrionis implantacias (chanergvas) sashvilosnos lorwovanshi.
im momentamde, vidre testze sanukvari 2 xazi gamochndeba, qalebis umravlesoba grdznobs sakutar organizmshi mimdinare mtel rig cvlilebebs, tumca es subieqturi shegrdznebebi shesadzloa shevavsot obieqturi dakvirvebebit, romlebic dakavshirebulia orsulobis dawyebis yvelaze adreul etaptan.
I shegrdzneba - mkerdis sheshupeba da mkerdis tavebis mtkivneulobis mateba
tu gavixsenebt menstruaciis wina e.w. predmenstrualur periods, romlis drosac qalebis umravlesobas aqvs mkerdis sheshupebisa da ertgvari mtkivneulobis shegrdzneba, orsulobis dawyebisas es shegrdznebebi ufro mkvetradaa gamoxatuli, rasac iwvevs mteli rigi hormonaluri cvlilebebis shedegad sardzeve jirkvlis latenturi mdgomareobidan funqciur fazashi gadasvlis procesi. amas emateba mkerdis tavebis mtkivneulobis matebac, gansakutrebit shexebaze, rac ukavshirdeba meqanikuri stimulaciis sapasuxod hormonis - oqsitocinis gamomushavebas, romelic organizms am etapze ar schirdeba.
tumca normadaa michneuli, rodesac mkerdi intaqturi rcheba da ase adreul etapze ar iwyebs ganvitarebas, magram odnav mogvianebit, I trimestris mandzilze es simptomatika aucileblad gamovlindeba.
shegrdzneba 2 - muclis qveda, sashvilosnos areshi simagris an dachimulobis shegrdzneba

shesadzloa dafiqsirdes muclis qveda areshi, iq, sadac mdebareobs sashvilosno ertgvari simagris, kvandzis an dachimulobis shegrdzneba. es shegrdzneba ufro ganmeorebiti orsulobis dros vitardeba, tumca pirveli orsulobis drosac shesadzloa iyos da ukavshirdeba sashvilos kedelshi chanasaxis implantaciis process.

shegrdzneba 3 - gaxshirebuli moshardvis shegrdzneba
am dros gansakutrebit xshirdeba tualetis motxovnis shegrdzneba, rac xshirad arc ki mtavrdeba moshardvis aqtit da tvlian, rom
ganpirobebulia zrdadi sashvilosnos shardis bushtze zewolit.
shegrdzneba 4 – venuri qselis intensifikacia mucelsa da mkerdze.
muclis qveda areshi shesamchnevi xdeba venuri qseli. venuri qseli tandatan vlindeba mkerdis areshic. es ukavshirdeba orsulobis dros sisxlis moculobis da mikrocirkulaciis intensivobis matebas, gansakutrebit am „strategiulad mnishvnelovan“ adgileshi.
shegrdzneba 5 - sunisa da gemos gaukughmarteba
gansakutrebul an shesadzloa chveulebriv produqtebzec sheimchneva gansakutrebuli motxovna an piriqit - sashineli zizghi. ucbat shesadzloa gachndes survili an zizghi raghac sruliad chveulebrivis, magram es survili uchveulod daudzlevelia. am shegrdznebas ukavshireben orsulobisadmi qalis organizmis adaptaciis processhi warmoshobil sakveb metabolitebze motxovnis speqtris cvlilebebs, specialuri hormonaluri statusi ki xels uwyobs im sakveb produqtebze motxovnis simkvetris matebas, sadac shedis sachiro nivtierebebi, zogiertebze ki piriqit klebas miugheblobamde.
shegrdzneba 6 - dilis gulisreva
dilis „sheudzlod yofnis“ kompleqsshi shesadzloa wamyvani iyos gulisrevis shegrdzneba, romelic adreuli toqsikozis maxasiatebelia da chndeba me-7 kviristvis da umravles shemtxvevashi qreba me-12 kviristvis. tumca shesadzlebelia es simptomatika me-7 kviraze adrec, pirvelive kvirebidanve, gamochndes.
shegrdzneba 7 - guneb-ganwyobilebis cvalebadoba, tirilis shegrdzneba
gaurkveveli, maghali amplitudis emociebi: xan sruliad dadebiti, amaghlebuli, bednierebit savse, rasac tan sdevs sasowarkvetilebis,gaurkveveli ubedurebis gancda yovelgvari mizezebisa da motivaciis gareshe tirilis epizodebit. es emociuri talghebic ukavshirdeba orsulobis tanmxleb hormonalur cvlilebebs da qvecnobier shishebs mkvetri siaxlis - axali sicocxlis - winashe.
shegrdzneba 8 - daghlilobisa da dzilianobis shegrdzneba
es shegrdzneba shesadzloa orsulobis ert-erti pirveli mauwyebeli iyos da sxva shegrdznebebtan kompleqsshi titqmis gamonaklisis gareshe sdevs tan orsulobis dasawyiss. am dros xom energiis dzalian didi maragi ixarjeba chasaxuli axali sicocxlisatvis xelshemwyobi garemos mowyobasa da tavad mis ganvitarebaze.
II nishani - sxeulis temperaturisa da bazaluri temperaturis mateba
orsulobis ert-erti obieqturi maxasiatebelia sxeulis temperaturis mateba 37-37,2 gradusamde, tanmdevi tavis tkivilis, saxsrebshi mtvrevis, daudzlurebis shegrdznebebit. tumca yvelaze informatiuli am dros bazaluri (ukana tanshi gazomili) temperaturaa, romelic imatebs fertilur („maghali nayofierebis“) periodshi da shemdeg menstrualur sisxldenamde iklebs, mashin rodesac orsulobis shemtxvevashi is maghali rcheba.
yvelaze sando da informatiulia chveulebrivi saaftiaqo orsulobis testis chatareba, romelic reagirebs meore xazis gawitlebit
shardshi mxolod orsulobis dros gamoyofili hormonis (qorionuli gonadotropinis) aghmochenisas. es hormoni gamoiyofa chanasaxis implantaciis me-2-3 dghidan e.i. mosalodneli menstruaciis tarighamde erti kvirit adre. shesabamisad am periodisatvis ukve shesadzloa dafiqsirdes testis dadebiti pasuxi. tumca xshiria pasuxis dagvianebis shemtxvevebic da ukavshirdeba testis arasworad chatarebasa da shardshi hormonis testistvis arasakmarisi raodenobis arsebobas. amitom uaryofiti pasuxis shemtxvevashi menstruaciis gadacdenisas sachiroa testis gameoreba yovel mesame dghes.
xshirad ismeba kitxva: dzalian mkrtali meore xazi sheidzleba chaitvalos tu ara testis dadebit pasuxad? pasuxi dadebitia, qorionuli gonadotropinis arseboba shardshi mxolod orsulobis drosaa shesadzlebeli. rac sheexeba xazis simkvetres, aghmochenilia, rom mdedrobiti sqesis embrionis arsebobisas hormonis done ufro maghalia, vidre mamrobiti sqesis dros. es nakleb sando informaciaa embrionis sqesis dadgenisatvis, tumca shesadzloa ertgvar prognostul nishnad gamodges.
testis ganmeorebiti uaryofiti pasuxis dros orsulobis albatoba shesadzlebelia gadamowmdes venur sisxlshi orsulobis hormonis - qorionuli gonadotropinis - aghmochenit, es yvelaze sando da utyuari markeria!
rac sheexeba eqoskopir kvlevas, ar arsebobs utyuari mtkicebuleba imis shesaxeb, rom orsulobis adreul etapze ultrabgeriti dasxiveba absoluturad uvnebelia embrionistvis, amitom msoflio praqtika mizanshewonilad miichnevs pirveli eqoskopiuri kvlevis chatarebas mxolod 12-14 kviris vadaze.



wyaro: orsuli.ge
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ბოლო რედაქტირება 16 ოქტ 2011, 9:39; სულ 3 -ჯერ
2. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 17:54 ]
orsulobis pirveli tve
dasawyisis dasawyisi - orsulobis 1 tve
mashasadame, moxda ganayofiereba - kvercxujredisa da spermatozoidis genetikuri masala gaertianda da safudzveli chaeyara pirvel ujreds - zigotas. amis shemdeg ertgvari shesvenebaa - 15 wutidan ramdenime saatis monakvetshi, momavali adamiani „ertujrediania“.
shemdeg iwyeba konvulsiuri dayofa, warmoiqmneba 2, 4, 8, 16 da ase shemdeg ujredi, tempi izrdeba, amastan yvela ujredis gayofa sakutari ritmit mimdinareobs, asinqronulad. am dros yvelaze adreuli da yvelaze msxvili ujredebi mchidrod ekvrian ertmanets da mtlianobashi es konglomerati hgavs tutis nayofs, amitomac mas moixsenieben rogorc morula-s (latinurad tutas ewodeba Morus). es patara „tutis nayofi“ agrdzelebs dayofas da gadaadgilebas falopis lulis gaswvriv sashvilosnosken. am dros morula ukve hgavs bushtulas: mkvrivi ujreduli masa iyofa chanasaxovan kvandzad da ujredebis zedapirul fenad, romelic gars artyia am kvandzs. swored aset „formashi“ amtavrebs chanasaxi tavis sashvilosnosken mogzaurobas, sadac igi pirveli kviris bolos iwyebs chamagrebas.
am droistvis is mcire sakvebi maragi, romelic mistvis iyo kvercxujredshi damaragebuli, sruliad amowurulia, amitom chanasaxi iwyebs sashvilosnoshi chamagrebis proceduras, rata dedis organizmidan daiwyos aucilebeli oqsigenita da sakvebi nivtierebebit momarageba. am misiis gansaxorcieleblad misi yvelaze gareta ujredebis nawili chaizrdeba sashvilosnos lorwovan garsshi, isini warmoqmnian gantotebebs, sadac vitardeba specialuri sisxldzarghvovani qseli, swored aq mimdinareobs sakvebi nivtierebebis da gazta cvla. ase warmoiqmneba placenta, romelsac „bavshvis kutxe“-sac uwodeben. yvelaze gareta ujredebis meore nawili gars ekvris nayofs da qmnis mistvis damcav garss.
placentis sashualebit pataras miewodeba mistvis sasicocxlod aucilebeli jangbadi da sakvebi nivtierebebi anu nutrientebi, gamoiyofa shlakebi da nivtirebata cvlis narchenebi, iqmneba barieri mikrobebisa da qimiuri mavne nivtierebistvis.
specialistebi amtkiceben: placentis roli imdenad didia, rom misi funqcionirebis darghvevebma shesadzloa potenciuri geniosidan warmoshos unarshezghuduli adamiani, miuxedavad imisa, rom genetikurad am adamianshi geniosi iyo chawerili. placentis zogierti patologia, magalitad mwvave ukmarisoba, naadrevi ashreveba, iwvevs nayofis sikvdilsac ki.
placentis paralelurad vitardeba chiplaric, romlis sixldzarghvovani aparati placentidan aghebul jangbads da sakveb nivtierebebs awvdis nayofs da nayofidan cxovelqmedebis narcheni produqtebi gadaaqvs placentashi.
embrionsa da mis shemomgarsvel txel shres shoris sanayofe wylebia, romlebic periodulad porciebad sheiwoveba da isev gamoiyofa. es sitxec monawileobs nayofis nivtierebata cvlis processhi, yvelaze mtavari - icavs mas dedis sashvilosnos kedlebis mxridan ganvitarebuli aratanabari wnevis zemoqmedebisgan.
tavad bavshvis ganvitarebis procesi mimdinareobs sheuwyvetliv:
me-2 kviris ganmavlobashi - chanasaxovani kvandzis ujredebi or shred iyofa;
me-3 kviris ganmavlobashi - mat shoris warmoishoba mesame, shua shrec.
es shreebi e.w. chanasaxovan firfitebs warmoadgenen da mat mdebareobis kixedvit ewodebat: garetas- eqtoderma, shuas - mezoderma, shidas - entoderma. yoveli firfitis mighma safudzveli eyreba organoebisa da qsovilebis konkretul chamonatvals.
me-3 kviris bolos:
shua firfitidan isaxeba qorda - chonchxovani chimi, romelic shua xazis gaswvrivaa gadachimuli da safudzvels uyris xerxemals;
vitardeba sisxldzarghvebis qseli, mati warmoshobidan mesame dghes ki iwyeba gulis formireba.
23-e dghes embrionis guli ukve ikumsheba da pulsirebs, shekumshvastan ertad mimdinareobs struqturuli chamoyalibebis procesi - shida dzgideebis, sarqvelebisa da ghruebis.
sisxldzarghvovani sistema gayofilia arteriul da venur nawilebad, mxolod sisxldzarghvovani wreebi jer sxvanairadaa dayofili, radgan jer ar funqcionirebs filtvebi da jangbadi miewodeba chiplaris gzit.
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3. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 17:56 ]
orsulobis meore tve
dasawyisis dasawyisi - orsulobis 1 tve
mashasadame, moxda ganayofiereba - kvercxujredisa da spermatozoidis genetikuri masala gaertianda da safudzveli chaeyara pirvel ujreds - zigotas. amis shemdeg ertgvari shesvenebaa - 15 wutidan ramdenime saatis monakvetshi, momavali adamiani „ertujrediania“.
shemdeg iwyeba konvulsiuri dayofa, warmoiqmneba 2, 4, 8, 16 da ase shemdeg ujredi, tempi izrdeba, amastan yvela ujredis gayofa sakutari ritmit mimdinareobs, asinqronulad. am dros yvelaze adreuli da yvelaze msxvili ujredebi mchidrod ekvrian ertmanets da mtlianobashi es konglomerati hgavs tutis nayofs, amitomac mas moixsenieben rogorc morula-s (latinurad tutas ewodeba Morus). es patara „tutis nayofi“ agrdzelebs dayofas da gadaadgilebas falopis lulis gaswvriv sashvilosnosken. am dros morula ukve hgavs bushtulas: mkvrivi ujreduli masa iyofa chanasaxovan kvandzad da ujredebis zedapirul fenad, romelic gars artyia am kvandzs. swored aset „formashi“ amtavrebs chanasaxi tavis sashvilosnosken mogzaurobas, sadac igi pirveli kviris bolos iwyebs chamagrebas.
am droistvis is mcire sakvebi maragi, romelic mistvis iyo kvercxujredshi damaragebuli, sruliad amowurulia, amitom chanasaxi iwyebs sashvilosnoshi chamagrebis proceduras, rata dedis organizmidan daiwyos aucilebeli oqsigenita da sakvebi nivtierebebit momarageba. am misiis gansaxorcieleblad misi yvelaze gareta ujredebis nawili chaizrdeba sashvilosnos lorwovan garsshi, isini warmoqmnian gantotebebs, sadac vitardeba specialuri sisxldzarghvovani qseli, swored aq mimdinareobs sakvebi nivtierebebis da gazta cvla. ase warmoiqmneba placenta, romelsac „bavshvis kutxe“-sac uwodeben. yvelaze gareta ujredebis meore nawili gars ekvris nayofs da qmnis mistvis damcav garss.
placentis sashualebit pataras miewodeba mistvis sasicocxlod aucilebeli jangbadi da sakvebi nivtierebebi anu nutrientebi, gamoiyofa shlakebi da nivtirebata cvlis narchenebi, iqmneba barieri mikrobebisa da qimiuri mavne nivtierebistvis.
specialistebi amtkiceben: placentis roli imdenad didia, rom misi funqcionirebis darghvevebma shesadzloa potenciuri geniosidan warmoshos unarshezghuduli adamiani, miuxedavad imisa, rom genetikurad am adamianshi geniosi iyo chawerili. placentis zogierti patologia, magalitad mwvave ukmarisoba, naadrevi ashreveba, iwvevs nayofis sikvdilsac ki.
placentis paralelurad vitardeba chiplaric, romlis sixldzarghvovani aparati placentidan aghebul jangbads da sakveb nivtierebebs awvdis nayofs da nayofidan cxovelqmedebis narcheni produqtebi gadaaqvs placentashi.
embrionsa da mis shemomgarsvel txel shres shoris sanayofe wylebia, romlebic periodulad porciebad sheiwoveba da isev gamoiyofa. es sitxec monawileobs nayofis nivtierebata cvlis processhi, yvelaze mtavari - icavs mas dedis sashvilosnos kedlebis mxridan ganvitarebuli aratanabari wnevis zemoqmedebisgan.
tavad bavshvis ganvitarebis procesi mimdinareobs sheuwyvetliv:
me-2 kviris ganmavlobashi - chanasaxovani kvandzis ujredebi or shred iyofa;
me-3 kviris ganmavlobashi - mat shoris warmoishoba mesame, shua shrec.
es shreebi e.w. chanasaxovan firfitebs warmoadgenen da mat mdebareobis kixedvit ewodebat: garetas- eqtoderma, shuas - mezoderma, shidas - entoderma. yoveli firfitis mighma safudzveli eyreba organoebisa da qsovilebis konkretul chamonatvals.
me-3 kviris bolos:
shua firfitidan isaxeba qorda - chonchxovani chimi, romelic shua xazis gaswvrivaa gadachimuli da safudzvels uyris xerxemals;
vitardeba sisxldzarghvebis qseli, mati warmoshobidan mesame dghes ki iwyeba gulis formireba.
23-e dghes embrionis guli ukve ikumsheba da pulsirebs, shekumshvastan ertad mimdinareobs struqturuli chamoyalibebis procesi - shida dzgideebis, sarqvelebisa da ghruebis.
sisxldzarghvovani sistema gayofilia arteriul da venur nawilebad, mxolod sisxldzarghvovani wreebi jer sxvanairadaa dayofili, radgan jer ar funqcionirebs filtvebi da jangbadi miewodeba chiplaris gzit.

is saxes idzens - orsulobis 2 tve
me-2 tvis ganmavlobashi fiqsirdeba chanasaxis ganvitarebashi meore xarisxobrivi naxtomi: chanasaxovani samive firfitis ujredebi intensiurad mravldeba, gadanawildeba sivrceshi da specializirdeba - mimdinareobs organogenezi.
me-4 kviridan me-8 kviramde -
gareta chanasaxovani firfitis ujredebi qmnian centraluri da periferiuli nervuli sistemis „eskizs“, yalibdeba tavis da zurgis tvini, nervuli gamtari gzebi. tavdapirvelad tavis tvins aqvs gluvi zedapiri, tandatan igi xdeba reliefuri.
gareta firfitidan yalibdeba aseve grdznobis organoebis - yuris, cxviris da tvalebis epiteliumi, kani, tmebi, frchxilebi.
shua firfitidan - iqmneba chonchxis, shinagani organoebis, sisxlarghvebis da gulis kuntovani elementebi, xrtilovani da dzvlovani elementebi, elenta, tirkmelebi, sasqeso organoebi da yvela ghrus amomfeni qsovilebi.
shida firfitidan warmoiqmneba sachmlis momnelebeli sistemis, ghvidzlis da kuchqvesha jirkvlis qsovilebi.
sainteresoa, rom ganvitarebis procesebis bolos yalibdeba ertmanetisagan dzalian gansxvavebuli ujredebis mravalferovneba: dzvlovani qsovilis xisti ujredebi, superrtuli neironebi, endokrinuli sistemis masekretirebeli ujredebi, elastiuri da drekadi kuntovani ujredebi da a.sh. tumca yvela matgani dasawyisshi ertnairia funqciuradac da formitac. rogor mimdinareobs ujredebis diferenciaciisa da specializaciis procesi?

me-5-6 kviris ganmavlobashi gansakutrebit intensiurad yalibdeba kidurebi, iyofa nawilebad, chndeba mtevnebi da terfebi, romlebic ufro lastebs waagavs 5 sxivit - momavali titebit.
me-7 kvirashi iwyeba chonchxis ganvitarebis procesi, romelic sabolood 20-25 wlis asakshi mtavrdeba.
me-5-6 kviris ganmavlobashi embrions uchndeba saxe:
tvalebi, romlebic aqamde gverdulad iyo ganlagebuli, axlovdeba da winisken gadadgildeba;
didi da amoburculi shubli;
brtyeli cxviri amoburculi nestoebit;
tuchis dzalian mkrtali konturi, romlis sighrmeshic uwvrilesi marcvlebis saxit chans kbilebis chanasaxebi.
50-60-e dghistvis adamianistvis damaxasiatebeli yvela organo da sxeulis nawili zogadi konturebit ukve chamoyalibebulia.
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4. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 17:58 ]
orsulobis mesame tve
mas ukve nayofi hqvia - 3 tve
zrdis procesi kvlav intensiurad grdzeldeba - embrionis wona ukve 40-45 gramia da sigrdze - 9 santimetri. titebze frchxilebi yalibdeba,
tavi swordeba da ikveteba kiseri, tumca is sakmaod idia da mtliani sigrdzis naxevars ikavebs.
tvalebi ifareba qututoebit,
bolo ori kviris mandzilze formirdeba sasqeso organoebic, am droidan shesadzlebelia sqesis dadgenac.
farisebri jirkvlis sigrdze sul raghac 10-13 milimetria, tumca is funqcionirebs - gamoyofs hormonebs da masshi iodi grovdeba.
enaze yalibdeba gemovnebis receptorebi.
chndeba kuntovani aqtivobac, magram is imdenad mcire amplitudisaa rom dedistvis jer sheumchnevelia.
kani gamchvirvalea, vardisferi sheferilobis, mis qvesh kargad ikveteba sisxldzarghvebisa da kuntebis konturebi, kanqvesha cximovani shre jer ar aris chamoyalibebuli.
me-3 tvidan, ufro zustad 11 kviridan, embrions dabadebamde ukve nayofi hqvia. nayofis periodis dawyeba pirdapir pirvel rigshi ukavshirdeba placentis formirebis sabolood damtavrebas, rodesac igi srulfasovnad asrulebs samive: suntqvis, kvebisa da gamoyofis funqciebs. rogorc wesi placenta mdebareobs sashvilosnos wina an ukana zedapirebze, tumca shesadzloa igi ganlagdes qveda segmentshi, sashvilosnos dzirisken fudzisken????, am dros saubroben „placentis winamdebareoba“-ze.
placentis sashvilosnosmxrivi zedapiri xaverdovania, iyofa 12-20 wilakad.
placentis nayofismxrivi zedapirze gadakrulia txeli garsi - amnioni, romelic avsebulia sitxit - amnionuri sitxit. es sitxe icavs nayofs gamoshrobisgan, shexebisa da gare meqanikuri zemoqmedebisgan.
placenta filtravs dedis organizmidan nayofisken mimaval yvela naerts da atarebs mxolod imas, rac sachiroa da uvnebeli nayofistvis, amis gamo xmaroben termins „placentaruli barieri“. srulyofilad es barieri 12 kviris asakidan funqcionirebs.
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5. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 18:00 ]
orsulobis meotxe tve
is izrdeba elviseburi siswrafit - 4 tve
tavad gansajet: sashvilosnosshida „cxovrebis“ me-4 tvis bolos nayofis wonaa 200 grami, sigrdze - 14 santimetri. mis antropometriul machveneblebshi aseti naxtomi dakavshirebulia pirvel rigshi dzvlovani aparatis intensiur ganvitarebastan, agretve muclis ghrus organoebis mnishvnelovan zrdastan.
am droistvis nayofis yvela organo da sistema, romelic aqamde asrulebda droebit „movaleobebs“, idzens mis dziritad „specialobas“, imas, rasac shemdegi mteli cxovrebis mandzilze sheasrulebs. magalitad, ghvidzli, romelic aqamde funqcionirebda rogorc sisxlmbadi organo, iwyebs funqcionirebas rogorc sachmlis momnelebeli sistemis organo. sisxlmbad funqcias tavis tavze ighebs dzvlis tvini. nayofis sisxlshi ukve cirkulirebs praqtikulad yvela dziritadi „formiani elementi“- ujredi: eritrociti, leikociti, trombociti. martalia mat shoris kidev dzalin bevri moumwifebeli elementia, magram me-4 tvis bolos shesadzlebelia ganisazghvros nayofis sisxlis jgufi da rezusi.
tu dedis sisxli rezus-uaryofitia, xolo nayofis sisxli - rezus-dadebiti, am droistvis shesadzloa daiwyos seriozuli imunologiuri e.w „rezus“ kofliqtis ganvitareba. am konfliqtis meqanizmia: dedis sisxli iwyebs moxvedras nayofis eritrocitebi, romlebic sheicaven „rezus-dadebit“ cilas. dedis organizmi am cilas aghiqvams rogorc ucxos, amitom mis mimart iwyebs imunologiur brdzolas - gamoimushavebs antisxeulebs. gadis ra placentashi, es antisxeulebi xvdeba nayofis sisxlshi da iwyebs misi eritrocitebis dashlas, vitardeba hemolizi („sisxlis dashla“). nayofis sisxlshi grovdeba eritrocitebis dashlis produqtebi, mat shoris yvelaze toqsiuri bilirubini, romelic iwvevs mter rig, gansakutrebit ki tavis tvinis, toqsiur dazianebebs. rac ufri imatebs orsulobis vada, mit izrdeba nayofis sisxlshi dashlis produqtebis odenoba da nayofis patologiis albatoba. amitom tu dedis sisxli rezus-uaryofitia, mamis ki rezus-dadebiti, sachiroa eqimis adreuli metvalyureoba, rom dedis sisxlshi gakontroldes antisxeulebis raodenoba da mighebul iqnas shesabamisi samkurnalo zomebi nayofis gadasarchenad.
me-4 tvis bolostvis tirkmelebi ikavebs mis saboloo mdebareobas, ertveba nivtierebata cvlashi da iwyebs shardis gamoyofas. es organo ganvitarebis dzalian did gzas gadis: jer yalibdeba pre-tirkmeli, shemdeg me-2 tvistvis pirveladi tirkmeli, romelic ufro sasqeso sistemis ganvitarebashi ghebulobs monawileobas, mxolod me-4 tvistvis iwyebs igi misi dziritadi - gamomyofi funqciis shesrulebas. es wyvili organo yvelaze metad gadaadgildeba da icvlis struqturas, vidre sxva romelime organo, swored amitom yvelaze mgrdznobiarea patologiuri zemoqmedebebis mimart da xshiria misi tandayolili anomaliebi.
nayofis tirkmelebit gamoyofili shardi zrdis amnionuri sitxis moculobas, amnionuri sitxis chaylapvis gzit ki nayofs ukan ubrundeba gamoyofit dakarguli da nivtierebata cvlistvis sachiro sitxis dziritadi odenoba. rac sheexeba mozrdilistvis damaxasiatebel shlakebis gamoyofis funqcias, dabadebamde mas asrulebs placenta.
„swavloben mushaobas“ sachmlis momnelebeli sistemis organoebic: kuchi, nawlavebi, naghvlis bushti. nawlavebshi iwyebs dagrovebas misi pirveli shigtavsi, romelic dziritadad naghvelisgan shedgeba da mas ewodeba mekoniumi.
me-4 tvis ganmavlobashi vitardeba yvelaze rtuli organo - tavis tvinis qerqi. intensiurad mravldeba nervuli ujredebi, vitardeba misi reliefuroba: borcvebi da chanachdevebi. struqturuli ganvitarebis garda, is tavis funqciur datvirtvasac „sheudgeba“ - iwyebs mtels organizmze makontrolirebeli danishnulebis shesrulebas.
endokrinuli sistemac iwyebs tavisi funqciuri danishnulebis shesrulebas: am droistvis yvelaze didi sekretoruli organoa tirkmelzeda jirkvali, romlis masis 80% modis qerqze. me-16 kviristvis sekreciul aqtivobas iwyebs tavis tvinshi ganlagebuli, qveda endokrinuli jirkvlebis makontrolebeli, ase vtvat „xelmdzghvaneli“ endokrinuli jirkvali - hipofizi, cota mogvianebit ki misi „tvinismxrivi xelmdzghvaneli“ - hipotalamusi.
ertaderti organo, romlis chamoyalibebac igvianebs filtvebia, tumca suntqvistvis isini jer ar schirdeba nayofs da swored amitomaa mati ganvitarebis procesi ase shenelebuli.
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6. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 18:01 ]
orsulobis mexute tve
modzraobis enaze - 5 tve
me-5 tvis dasawyisistvis xdeba orsulistvis ert-erti yvelaze sanukvari movlena - nayofis pirveli shesamchnevi modzraobebis dafiqsireba.
nayofi amodzravebs xelebs, fexebs da ara marto - tavsac, idrikeba sxeulitac. tavdapirvelad modzraobebi dzalian nazia, arakoordinirebuli, tandatan isini idzens ritmul xasiatsa da dzalas. nayofis „dartymebis“ tempi, ritmi da dzala icvleba dghe-ghamis monakvetebis ganmavlobashi, dedis fizikuri da fsiqologiuri mdgomareobis shesabamisad.
swored es momenti gvafiqrebinebs, rom dedisa da nayofis urtiertoba ar shemoifargleba mxolod nivtierebata „gacvlis“ procesebit, mucelshi myofi bavshvi grdznobs dedis emociebs da tavadac ganicdis mat: dedastan ertad swyins da uxaria.
amboben, rom adamiani arasodes ase xatovnad ar metyvelebs modzraobis enit, rogorc sashvilosnosshida ganvitarebis periodshi: tavis shishebze da sixarulze, kmayofilebaze da safrtxeze. momavalma dedam unda „iswavlos“ am enis garcheva, es bavshvtan komunikaciis yvelaze adreuli etapia.
24 saatis ganmavlobashi nayofis modzraobis shewyveta eqimtan gadaudebeli vizitis chvenebaa.
modzraobiti aqtivoba neldeba, rodesac deda emociurad datrgunulia, daghlilia an avadaa.
me-5 tvis ganmavlobashi centraluri nervuli sistema kvlav intensiurad vitardeba da aseve intensiurad asrulebs procesebis makontrolebel funqcias, regulaciis procesebshi aseve intensiuradaa chartuli endokrinuli sistemac: hormonebi cirkulirebs organizmis txevad areshi - sisxlshi, limfashi, ujredshoris sitxeshi. am ori sistemis „kolaboraciis“ sqemas swored am periodshieyreba safudzveli, aqve iwyeba darghvevebis chamoyalibebac.
sisxlmbadi organoebis mushaobashi ertveba elenta, sadac mimdinareobs „awyoba“ sisxlis tetri ujredebis - limfocitebisa da monocitebis, eritrocitebis sortireba, matgan defeqturis „gamorcheva“ da dashla. dashlis shedegad gamontavisuflebuli rkina maragdeba elentashi mcire xnit da miewodeba dzvlis witel tvins axali eritrocitebis asawyobad.
me-5 tvis bolos nayofis wonaa 250-350 grami, sigrdze - 20-25 santimetri.
kanis gamchvirvaloba iklebs, tumca is naochiani rcheba, dafarulia mosero-tetri „sapoxi“ nivtierebit, romelsac xachosebri konsistencia aqvs. yvelaze meti es nivtiereba iqaa, sadac didi odenobitaa ganlagebuli saofle jirkvlebi: tavis tmian nawilshi, saxeze, yurebis ukan, ighliis da sazardulis fosoebshi, xelebis da fexebis mosaxrel zedapirebze. nivtiereba shedgeba saofle jirkvlebis sekretisagan da chamofrcqvnili epidermisisagan, igi aramarto meqanikuri zemoqmedebisagan icavs nayofs, aramed mikroorganizmebisaganac, radganac aqvs baqteriociduli tvisebebi.
lenart nilsonis fotografiebis ciklshi chartulia nayofis am periodis cxovrebis saintereso momentebi: nayofi wovs tits,
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7. PARTIZANKA (Off)
[ 15 ოქტ 2011, 18:09 ]
orsulobis meeqvse tvidan tqveni patara ukve chamoyalibebuli adamiania da is mxolod izrdeba da elodeba dabadebis moments :)
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