გზავნილი
1. nucii (Off)
[ 13 Sep 2013, 1:11 ]
sqesobrivi gzit gadamdebi
infeqciebis (sggi) istoria
ateulobit saukunes itvlis.
chvenamde mogweuli cnobebit,
es daavadebebi dzvel romshic ki
yofila gavrcelebuli. mas
shemdeg bevrma wyalma chaiara,
tumca veneruli (rogorc mat
dzvelad uwodebdnen)
daavadebebis ricxvi aratu ar
shemcirebula, moimata kidec.
ufro metic - winat tu, ase
vtqvat, klasikuri, medicinis
saxelmdzgvaneloebshi
agwerili simptomebit
advilad sheidzleboda ama tu
im sqesobrivi gzit gadamdebi
daavadebis amocnoba,
sadgeisod dzalze ishviatia
shemtxveva, romelime aseti
sneuleba izolirebulad
agmoachndes adamians, -
magalitad, mxolod
sifilisi an mxolod
gonorea.
isini, wesisamebr,
kompleqsurad xvdebat
specialistebs. magalitad,
gonoreastan ertad xshiria
qlamidiuri infeqcia an
mikoplazmozi. amitom xshirad
xdeba, rom araspecialistis
mier namkurnalebi sggi
mkurnalobis dasrulebidan
mcire xnis shemdeg isev ichens
tavs, metic - qronikul
formas igebs da samudamo
satanjvelad eqceva adamians.
me-20 saukunis sqesobrivi
revoluciis shemdeg
sqesobrivi gzit gadamdebma
infeqciebma xalxshi ufro
metad moikida fexi, amave
saukunis miwuruls ki tavi
ichina isetma mrisxane
daavadebebma, rogorebic c
hepatiti da shidsia. mat
gavrcelebas gansakutrebit
sheuwyo xeli sazgvrebis
gaxsnam. miuxedavad
yvelafrisa, es tema
sazogadoebashi dgemde
tabudadebulia. zafxuli,
shvebulebebi da mattan
dakavshirebuli xanmokle
"boboqari" nacnobobis dro
titqmis miiwura. samagierod,
iwyeba "wutieri siamovnebit"
gamowveuli problemebis
statistikuri atvla.
gtavazobt im simptomta
chamonatvals, romelta
agmochenisas dauyovnebliv
unda mimartot specialists
da mxolod specialists!
winaagmdeg shemtxvevashi,
mudmivi antebiti procesebit
dawyebuli da ushvilobit
damtavrebuli, dzalze
usiamovno shedegebi gelit.
vidre titoeuli infeqciis
daxasiatebaze gadavidodet,
vaxsenot riskjgufebic. sggi-
it dasnebovnebis albatoba
partniorta raodenobasa da
mati cvlis sixshirezea
damokidebuli. riskjgufebshi
shedian seqsmushakebi,
sqesobrivi umciresobebi
(magalitad, homoseqsualebi,
romlebic ertgvar daxurul
jgufebs qmnian) da is
axalgazrdebi, romlebic
mouwesrigebel sqesobriv
cxovrebas ewevian. riskjgufs
ekutvnian eqimebi da is
pirebic, romeltac
profesiuli saqmianobisas
sisxltan aqvt kontaqti,
magram tu elementarul
wesebs daicaven, riski
minimumamde dadis. mash ase,
sggi-stvis, uwinares yovlisa,
damaxasiatebelia gamonadeni
da shardvis dros wva. es
simptomebi sheinishneba shemdegi
daavadebebis dros:
sifilisi;
gonorea;
triqomoniazi;
ureaplazmozi;
mikoplazmozi;
qlamidiozi;
araspecifikuri uretriti;
uretriti.
uretriti shardsadenis
lorwovani garsis antebaa.
mamakacebshi mistvis
damaxasiatebel simptomad
shardsasqeso arxidan
gamonadeni miichneva. magram
gamonadeni sheidzleba
fiziologiuric iyos. meore
mxriv, zogjer uretritic
mimdinareobs gamonadenis
gareshe. sarwmuno diagnozi
rom daisvas, gamonadeni
eqimma unda sheafasos. ase rom,
misi shemchnevistanave eqims
mimartet. uretrits, garda
gamonadenisa, tan sdevs
dizuria (shardvis gadzneleba)
da sasqeso asos tavis
gagizianeba. diagnostireba
uretris nacxis an shardis
pirveli ulufis gamokvlevit
xdeba. uretrits xshirad
iwvevs gonokoki, qlamidiuri
infeqcia da sxva.
[Pasuxi][Cit]|
2. nucii (Off)
[ 13 Sep 2013, 1:14 ]
sifilisi
qartulad mas atashangs
uwodeben. misi gadacemis
dziritadi gza sqesobrivi
kontaqtia. sifilisi
shedzenilic sheidzleba iyos da
tandayolilic. shedarebit
xshiria shedzenili forma.
tandayolili sifilisi,
romelic dedisgan nayofs
muclad yofnis periodshi
gadaecema, iyofa naadrev
(vlindeba or wlamde) da
gvian (vlindeba ufro gvian
asakshi) formebad. sainkubacio
periodi - dro infeqciis
organizmshi shechridan shankris
gachenamde - 10-90 dgea
(pirveli xanis sifilisi).
misi xangrdzlivoba
organizmis rezistentobaze,
gamdzleobasa da zogiert sxva
faqtorzea damokidebuli.
shankri umtkivneulo,
mkvrivfudziani wylulia,
romelic infeqciis shechris
adgilas vitardeba. is,
rogorc wesi, ertia. tan
axlavs regionuli limfuri
kvandzebis gadideba-anteba.
atashangis ganvitarebisas
umetesad swored aseti
surati vitardeba, tumca
infeqcia shesadzloa
atipuradac gamovlindes:
shankri iyos mravlobiti,
mtkivneuli an chirqovani.
sazogadod, sasqeso midamoshi
arsebul yovelgvar wyluls,
sanam misi warmomavloba ar
gairkveva, atashangad
ganixilaven. shankri xshirad
ukuvitardeba. meore xanis
atashangis dros ziandeba
sxvadasxva organo da sistema,
vitardeba generalizebuli
gamonayari qavilis gareshe,
yvelaze xshirad -
xelisgulebsa da
fexisgulebze. shedarebit
ishviatia budobrivi
gameloteba. mosalodnelia
tvalis sifilisuri
dazianeba, meningiti, hepatiti,
glomerulonefriti.
gamonayari ishviatad
(shavkanianebshi) aris mqavana.
zogiert sxva sggi-stan
shedarebit, sifilisis
mkurnaloba iolia, radgan
mis gamomwvevs bolo
ramdenime atwleulis
ganmavlobashi mutacia
titqmis ar ganucdia.
mkurnaloba gulisxmobs
pacientis sisxlshi,
neirosifilisis dros ki -
tav-zurgtvinis sitxeshic,
antibaqteriuli preparatis
treponemistvis (sifilisis
gamomwvevistvis) sasikvdilo
koncentraciis sheqmnas. rac
ufro xangrdzlivia infeqcia,
mit ufro xangrdzlivi
mkurnalobaa sachiro.
atashangis gviani formis
dros (sabednierod, bolo
xans is ishviatia) mokle
kursebit mkurnalobis
shemtxvevashi sakmaod xshiria
recidivi. atashangis ushedego
mkurnaloba da gviani
gartulebebi dzalian ishviatia,
shidsian pacientebshic ki, rac
imaze metyvelebs, rom
sifilisis mkurnalobis
sadgeisod arsebuli
metodebi adekvaturi da
efeqturia. sxvata shoris,
shidsis mqone pacientebshi
daavadeba shesadzloa ufro
agresiulad mimdinareobdes -
adreul etapzeve ganvitardes
tvalis atashangi,
neirosifilisi. aqedan
gamomdinare, gamokvleva aiv-
is arsebobaze aucilebelia
yvela sifilisiani
pacientistvis - shidsis
tanaarseboba cvlis
mkurnalobis sqemas,
mkurnalobis shemdeg ki
sachiroa aqtiuri
metvalyureoba.
[Pasuxi][Cit]|
3. DaDa (Off)
[ 13 Sep 2013, 1:45 ]
Amitomac frtxilad unda shearchiot partniori.samwuxarod saqartveloshi jer kidev imastan wvebian vistanac gasdit..(qorwinebis gareshe seqss vgulisxmob)(gamonaklisebis garda)sqesobrivi ganatleba dgesdgeobit chventan titqmis nulis tolfasia.!es ise..mominda azri damefiqsirebina!
[Pasuxi][Cit]|
4. nucii (Off)
[ 13 Sep 2013, 1:59 ]
SHIDSI

SHedzenili imunuri
deficitis sindromi —
mdgomareoba romelic
vitardeba aiv-infeqciis
( ingl. Acquired Immune
Deficiency Syndrome, AIDS)
fonze da xasiatdeba
CD4+ limfocitebis
raodenobis klebit,
mravali
oportunistuli
infeqciuri da
arainfeqciuri
daavadebebit.
arsebitad aris aiv-
infeqciis bolo stadia.

shidsi registrirebulia
msoflios xutive
kontinentis 206
qveyanashi. oficialuri
monacemebit, sadgeisod
msoflioshi shidsis
virusit inficirebulia
20 milionamde
adamiani, matgan 80%
sqesobrivi gzit
daavadda. (aqedan 70%
heteroseqsualur,
xolo 10%
homoseqsualur
kavshirebze modis ). aiv-
it inficirebulia
msoflioshi agricxul
narkomanta 80%.
perinataluri gadacema
perinataluri gadacema
ewodeba aiv–it
inficirebuli an
shidsit daavadebuli
dedidan axalshobilis
dainficirebas. bavshvi
sheidzleba dainficirdes
dedis orsulobis
periodshi, mshobiarobis
dros da dzudzuti
kvebisas, radgan dedis
rdzec sheicavs viruss.
am dros maspindzeli
organizmis anu bavshvis
inficirebis riski
sxvadasxva, rogorc
virustan, aseve dedisa
da axalshobilis
organizmtan
dakavshirebuli
faqtorebis mixedvit
aris 20-28%.
1994 wels kvlevam achvena, rom risks mnishvnelovnad
amcirebda ziduvodinit
mkurnaloba. amis shemdeg orsuli qalebis testirebisa da shemdeg mkurnalobis shedegad perinatalurad
inficirebul bavshvta
ricxvi sagrdznoblad
shemcirda.
2008 wlis monacemebit
shveicariashi arcerti
axali shemtxveva ar
dafiqsirebula, mtel
evropashi ki
perinataluri
gadacemis riscxvi nuls uaxlovdeba.
analogiuri situaciaa
chrdiloet amerikashi.
sub-saharis afrikashi
2008 wels aiv-it
inficirebuli
orsulebis 45%-ma
gaiara shesabamisi
mkurnaloba da iq daax.
390 000 (210 000–570
000) inficirebis
shemtxveva dafiqsirda.
es situaciis
tvalsachino
gamosworebaa,
tugavitvaliswinebt
imas, rom 2004 wels
mkurnaloba mxolod
9%-ma gaiara.
inficirebuli bavshvebis didi umravlesoba
perinataluri gzit
inficirdeba.
danarchenebi
warmoadgenen
seqsualuri dzaladobis
msxverplebs an
dainficirebuli
sisxlis mat organizmshi
moxvedris shedegad
inficirebult.


simptomebi

inficirebuli adamiani tavs janmrtelad
grdznobs 3-10 wlis
ganmavlobashi is
gamovlindeba imunuri
sistemis grma
dazianebis shemdeg da
xasiatdeba
sxvadasxvanairad,
yvelaze xshirad ki ase:
* temperaturis umizezo momateba 1 tveze meti
xnis mandzilze;
* limfuri kvandzebis
gadideba;
* dzlieri saerto
sisuste;
* muqi witeli feris
laqebi kansa da
lorwovan garsebze;
* gaxangrdzlivebuli
pnevmonia (filtvebis
anteba), romelic ar
eqvemdebareba
chveulebriv
mkurnalobas;
* dzlieri oflianoba,
gansakutrebit gamit;
* tetri feris nadebi
piris grus
lorwovanze;
* patologiuri
movlenebi centraluri
nervuli sistemis mxriv da sxv.


inficirebis dadgena

dges adamianis
inficirebis
laboratoriuli
diagnostikistvis
sxvadasxva sashualebebi
arsebobs, tumca
dziritadi sashualebebia
sisxlshi aiv
sawinaagmdego
antisxeulebis da
virusis genetikuri
masalis gansazgvra.
tavdapirvelad
shesadzlo inficirebul
adamians utardeba
pirveladi anu
skrininguli
diagnostika.
skriningul metodebs
shoris fartodaa
gavrcelebuli e. w.
„swrafi/martivi“
metodebi da
antisxeulebis
gamovlena
imunofermentuli
analizis meshveobit.
skrininguli metodit
inficirebis
dadasturebul
subieqts unda
chautardes
damadasturebeli anu
konfirmaciuli
diagnostika.
dgesdgeobit
konfirmaciul
metodebs shoris
yvelaze zustia
polimerizaciis
jachvuri reaqciis
metodi (PCR). sakutriv
PCR ori saxisaa:
tvisobrivi da
raodenobrivi.
tvisobrivi metodi
gamoiyeneba inficirebis
adreul stadiashi
yofnis, skrininguli
diagnostikis
gaurkveveli shedegis da axalshobilis
inficirebis
gamosavlenad.
raodenobrivi metodi
sashualebas idzleva
ganisazgvros virusis
raodenoba organizmshi,
rac xels uwyobs
mkurnalobis
efeqturobas.
warmoqmna adamianis
imunodeficitis
virusshi, gamoiyofa ori
tipi, romelic
ainficirebs adamians:
aiv-1 da aiv-2. aiv-1 aris metad sashishi da aseve ufro iolad
gadacemadi. msoflioshi
aiv infeqciebis
dziritadi nawili misgan aris gamowveuli. 2006
wlis 25 maiss jurnal
Science-shi gamoqveynda,
rom swored aiv-1 aris
msgavsi maimunis
imunodeficitis
virusisa, romelic
agmoachines shimpanzeebshi. molekuluri dakvirvebebidan chans,
rom aiv shimpanzeebidan
adamianshi gadacemula
axlo warsulshi.
mecnierebis mtkicebit
virusis shimpanzedan
adamianebshi gavrcelda
XIX saukunis bolos an
XX saukunis dasawyisshi
kameronis tyeebshi,
mdinare sanagastan
axlos an kongos
demokratiuli
respublikis dedaqalaq kinshasas mimdebare
teritoriebshi. erterti versiis mixedvit, aiv
gavrcelda
monadirisgan,
romelsac nadirobisas
ukbina shimpanzem.
virusis did arialze
gavrcelebas xeli
sheuwyo afrikis
kolonizaciam da aqedan iafasiani sisxlis eqsportma amerikisa da evropis sisxlis bankebshi.
[Pasuxi][Cit]|
5. bZzziki (Off)
[ 17 Oct 2013, 10:22 ]
Ooommm.... Cudi ragaceebia.
[Pasuxi][Cit]|

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