• ავტორი
    შეტყობინება

Saxelebis axsna

წერილი Nataly » 26 იან 2010, 16:54

akaki

(berdznuli)"ar-avi",e.i."uboroto","uzakveli","ketili".ert-erti fartod gavrcelebuli saxelia amzhamad saqartveloshi,rasac gansakutrebit sheuwyo xeli didi poetis akaki weretlis popularobam.misi shemoklebuli,saalerso formebia:aka,aki,ako,kako, kakuna.akaki(akakis xe)mcenaresac hqvia.imave dzirisganaa nawarmoebi agretve meore mcenaris saxeli–akacia.


aleko

(berdznuli)"mcveli".


aleqsandre

(berdznuli)"mcveli vazhkaci","mamaci mcveli" (kompozitia,romlis nawilebic cal-calke gvxvdeba sakutar saxelad:aleko-"mcveli",andre-"mamaci". gvxvdeba qalis saxelic–aleqsandra.am saxelit cnobilia araerti mowame–qalic da kacic.aqedanaa gvari aleqsandria.saalerso formebia:ale,aliko,aliosha, sandro,sasha.


aleqsi

(berdznuli)"mcveli".aqedanaa gvarebi:aleqsishvili, aleqsashvili,aleqsidze.saalerso formebia:ale,leqso.



almasxan

(turquli)kompoziti saxelia,sadac imave almas sakutar saxels dartuli aqvs turquli enis damaxasiatebeli sufiqsi(warmoshobit–sapatio tituli) xan.analogiurad nawarmoebi saxelebia:durmishxan, mirzayan||murzayan,arzayan da sxv.


aluda

gvxvdeba mtis kiloebshi.am saxels atarebda vazha-fshavelas ert-erti poemis gmiri–aluda qetelauri. arsebobs mosazreba,rom es saxeli etimologiurad luds ukavshirdeba da chvenshi shemosulia osuridan an skvituridan(v.abaevi,m.andronikashvili),magram es mosazreba saechvo chans.aluda dakavshirebuli unda iyos cnobil aghmosavlur saxeltan aladin-tan,romlis amosavali formaa alaudin da arabulad nishnavs" rwmenis simaghles".tavdapirvelad es iyo musulmanuri qveynebis mmartvelta tituli,romelic XIV-XV saukuneebidan shedarebit dabali rangis chinovnikebma da vachrebma daisakutres.bolos igi sakutar saxelad iqca da fartod gavrcelda,gansakutrebit shua aziisa da volgispiretis turqulenovan xalxebshi,romelta enebis fonetikur kanonzomierebata mixedvit gachnda nairferi variantebi:aloudin,alovutdin,alovadin,alovidin... am formata shekvecisa da gaqartulebis shedegia aluda, alada,alado,romlebic safudzvlad udzevs qartul gvarebs:aludauri,aladashvili,aladoshvili.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:02

ambrosi

(berdznuli)"ukvdavta(ghmertta)wilxvedri","ghvtaebrivi","saghvto".



amiran

qartuli xalxuri eposis gmiris saxelia,romelsac qartulshi mnishvnelobis damajerebeli axsna ar moepoveba.sheidzleba kavshiri hqondes arabultan,sadac amir("winamdzghvari")daali("maghali")cal-calkec da ertadac gvxvdeba sakutar saxelebad.amir shedis agretve ramdenime sxva saxelis shemadgenlobashi, romlebic amzhamad qartulshi pirovnul saxelebad aghar gvxvdeba,magram daculia gvarebshi:amiraslanashvili, amirbegishvili,amirgulashvili,amirxanashvili,amirjanashvili.calke amir-isagan nawarmoebia gvari amiridze.amiran darejanisdze klasikuri xanis qartuli sagmiro-saraindo eposis"amirandarejanianis"mtavari gmiria.


ana


(dzveli ebrauli) "sasurveli", "sandomiani", "saamo". ghvtismshobel mariamis dedis saxelia. amastanave es saxeli erqva winaswarmetyvels da ramdenime mowames. saxarebasa da sxva udzveles teqstebshi gvxvdeba orgvari dawerilobit (ana||anna): "iyo ana (mun anna ch) winaswarmetyueli, asuli fanuvelisi" (DE luka 2, 36). moferebiti formebia: ano, anuka, aniko, ani


anastasia


(berdznuli) " mkvdretit aghmdgari ", " sicocxles dabrunebuli ". igive fudze gvxvdeba vazhis saxeladac (mat shoris arian mowamenic). berdznulshi erti fudzidan nawarmoebi qalisa da vazhis saxelebi formit gansxvavebulia: anastas da anastasia, atanase da atanasia, aleqsandre da aleqsandra, evgeni da evgenia... sxva enebshi es gansxvaveba zogan shenarchunebulia, zogan – ara. qartulshi anastasia mxolod qalis saxelad gvxvdeba, vazhis saxeli anastasi ki targmnilia (esaa aghdgomela, romelic dghes saxelad aghar gvxvdeba, magram shemonaxulia aghdgomelashvilis gvarshi). anastasias shemoklebuli formebia: taso, tasiko, nasta, nastia.


anzor

(qartuli)"aznauri","tavisufali".qartuli sityva pirvelad sakutar saxelad uqceviat da taviseburad gadauketebiat chrdilo kavkasiis xalxebs.mtiel personazhta saxelad is gamoiyena jer aleqsandre yazbegma(motxroba"eliso"),shemdeg–sandro shanshiashvilma (piesa"anzor").am nawarmoebta meshveobit es saxeli saqartveloshic popularuli gaxda.


anton

(berdznuli)zustad ar itargmneba,targmnian rogorc" meomars ","omshi chabmuls",winamdzghols",metaurs".es saxeli saqartveloshi qristianobis gavrcelebis pirvelive xanebidan gaxda popularuli,rac dakavshirebulia egvipteli qristiani beris," monazvnobis mamad"wodebuli anton didis saxeltan (III-IV ss)misi"swavlani"da epistoleni adreve utargmniat qartulad da ramdenime redaqciit aris daculi dzvel xelnawershi.qartvel saeklesio da politikur moghvawetagan am saxelit cnobilia chyondidel-mwignobartuxucesi anton gnolistavisdze (XII-XIII ss.)gelatis mtavarepiskoposi anton gelateli(XVI s.II nax.),mwerali da mecnieri, pirveli qartuli mecnieruli gramatikis avtori, katalikosi anton I(1720-1788 ww.),katalikos-patriarqi anton II(1764-1827 ww.)da sxv.am saxelidan warmodgeba qartuli gvarebi:antonashvili,antonishvili antonidze,rusuli-antonovi.



arsen


(berdznuli)"mamaci","vazhkaci".am saxelit dzveltaganve cnobilia araerti qartveli moghvawe,gansaktrebit_ sasuliero pirta shoris:katalikosi arsen I didi, safareli(daaxloebit 820/830-877/887 ww.),arsen II, qartlis katalikosi(daaxl. 955-980 ww.),arsen beri_ davit aghmasheneblis sulieri modzghvari(XI-XII ss.), arsen iyaltoeli_filosofosi,mwerali,himnografi(XI-XII ss.),arsen bulmaisimisdze_mwerali,saqartvelos katalikosi(XIII s. I nax.)da sxv.am saxelisagan nawarmoebia gvarebi:arsenishvili,arsenidze,arsenashvili, arsenadze.


archil


(iranuli)"swori","wrfeli","martali","nateli"," madlmosili".ert-erti udzvelesi da dzalze gavrcelebuli saxelia,romelic am formit mxolod qartvelebshi gvxvdeba.cnobilia qartlis erismtavari archili (VIII s.),romelic qristianuli sarwmunoebisatvis ewama da eklesiam wmindanad sheracxa.kargad aris cnobili agretve mefe-poeti archili (1647-1713 ww.).



aslan


(turquli)"lomi",mogvianebit sheidzina"gmiris","goliatis","didis" mnishvneloba.amosavali formaa arslan, romelic gvxvdeba jer kidev"tbetis sulta matianeshi":"sulisa balasdzisa arslanissa sheundven ghmertman" (XII-XIII ss.)gamartivebuli forma aslan dasturdebaXVI s-dan.misgan nawarmoebi gvarebia: aslanishvili,aslanikashvili,aslanidze. bagrat

qartvel mefeta sagvareulo saxelia.es saxeli erqva ramdenime mefesa da erismtavars,moyolebuli bagrat I kurapalatidan,romelic iyo grigol xandztelis tanamedrove,tao-klarjetis mtavari(826-876 ww.)gaertianebuli saqartvelos pirveli mefe iyo bagrat didi (X s.60-iani wlebis dasawyisi–1014 w.),romelmac satave daudo bagrationta dinastias.aqedan modis gvari bagrationi.bagrati somex mefeta sagvareulo saxelic iyo.warmoshobit am saxels ukavshireben dzv.sparsuls: agadata-"ghvtis bodzebuli", "ghvtis wyaloba"(aseti shinaarsis sakutari saxelebi xshirad gvxvdeba sxvadasxva enashi,magalitad:berdznuli teodore,dorote,slavuri bogdan,turquli alahverdi,somxuri astvawatur,qartuli wyaloba).arsebobs bagratis sxvagvari ganmartebac:"ghvtis sheqmnili","ghvtis mier daculi".


badri


(arabuli)"savse mtvare",gadatanit-"srulqmnili".es saxeli hqvia zghapruli amiranis dzmobils.misganaa mighebuli gvarebi:badridze,badrishvili,badriashvili


batu

warmomavloba daudgenelia.shesadzloa ukavshirdebodes sparsul batur-s an mongholur bato-s,zogis azrit urartuli saxelia,zogi ki ebrauli bartlome-s shemoklebul formad miichnevs.am saxelit cnobilia mowame xucesi,romlis xsenebis dghea 26 marti.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:03

baia

rogorc chans, qartuli mindvris yvavilis saxelia qceuli qalis saxelad (sheadaret: ia, vardo, endzela...). baia gvxvdeba vazhis saxeladac, saidanac mighebulia gvari baiashvili (istoriuli dokumentebshi dasturdeba XIII s-dan), magram es vazhis saxeli sul sxva warmoshobisa unda iyos.


bakur (iranuli)"ghvtis shvili","dze ghmrtisa".es saxeli qartulshi gavrcelebulia udzvelesi xanidan,gvxvdeba jer kidev palestinis qartul warwerebshi (V s.30-40-iani wlebi):"da dzudzeeulni matni bakur da gri-ormizd da nashobni matni, qriste... sheiwyalen.amen". aq naxsenebia petre iberis papa(dedis mama)–bakur didi, mefe qartlisa.bakuri erqva saqartvelos ramdenime sxva mefesa da didebulsac II-VIII saukuneebshi.winat gvxvdeboda agretve misgan nawarmoebi pirovnuli saxeli bakuriani(mag.,erti bakuriani,baldadisdze,qartlis eristavi iyo VII-VIII ss-shi).bakurisagan nawarmoebia saxeli jambakur,gvarebi:bakuradze,bakuridze,bakuria,geografiuli saxelebi:bakuriani,bakurcixe,bakurxevi da sxv.


baqar

(qartuli)zogi mkvlevaris azrit,shesadzloa qartuli forma iyos bakur-isa,romelic warmoshobit iranuli saxelia da"ghvtis shvils" nishnavs.ufro damajerebeli chans misi dakavshireba arabul pirovnul saxeltan–baqr( "axalgazrda aqlemi").utuod aqedan modis gvarebi:baqradze da barqaia,baqar-isagan nawarmoebia gvari baqarashvili,shesadzloa misganve iyos mighebuli bakaridze da baqanidze.


bachana

qartuli saxelia,"tanmorchils" nishnavs(warmoshobit ukavshirdeba sparsul sityvas:bacha-"bavshvi").gvxvdeba misi sxvadasxvagvari saxecvlilebac:bacha,bachia,bachua, bacho,bachita,bachila,bachala,bachula,bachuki,bachira, bachukia.bachana fsevdonimad hqonda vazha-fshavelas dzmas–poet niko razikashvils.



bebur

(qartuli)aqedanaa gvarebi:beburishvili,beburidze,beburia.geografiuli saxelwodeba beburiani (lagodexis raioni).



bela (latinuri) "lamazi".



bezhan

momdinareobs dzveli iranuli saxelisagan(vezhan-"vejeli"anu"iraneli").tavkiduri bgera sparsulshive aris shecvlili:vezhan_bezhan.bezhani firdousis gantqmuli poemis,"shah-names",ert-erti gmiria.am saxelis kninobiti formebia qartulshi:bezhia,bezhua,bezhiko,bezhuki,bezhita.amatgan momdinare gvarebia:bezhanishvili,bezhaneishvili,bezhanidze,bezhashvili,bezhiashvili,bezhuashvili,bezhukashvili,bezhitashvili.


besik

besarion-is shemoklebuli,saalerso formaa,romelic damoukidebel saxelad iqca.am saxels atarebda XVIII s.gamochenili poeti besarion gabashvili.amzhamad cnobili poetia besik xaranauli.



boris

(slavuri)sruli formaa borislav,shedgeba ori sityvisagan,romelta mnishvnelobaa"brdzola"da"dideba ".meore matgani monawileobs mraval slavur saxelshi, rogoricaa viacheslav,stanislav da sxvani.


budu

(xurituli)"msaxuri"(etimologia saechvoa).mis gavrcelebas utuod xeli sheuwyo sityvis mnishvnelobis rusulad gaazrebam:буду-"viqnebi".cxadia,es gviandeli da mxolod garegnul msgavsebaze damyarebuli xalxuri etimologiaa.budu pirovnul saxelad gvxvdeba koridetis otxtavis(IX s.)berdznul minawerebshi.misi fonetikuri variantia svanuri gavrcelebuli saxeli futa. gabriel


dzveli ebrauli)“chemi dzala ghmertia“. mtavarangelozis saxelia,romelic qartulshi,msgavsad msoflios mravali enisa,dzveltaganve fartod aris gavrcelebuli.misi moferebiti formebia:gaba,gabe, gabel,gabila,gabria,gabro,gabo,gabita... rogorc dziritadi,ise moferebiti formebidan nawarmoebia ateulobit qartuli gvari:gabrielashvili, gabrielidze,gabriadze,gabitadze,gabadze,gabidze,gabodze,gabroshvili,gabruashvili,gabrashvili,gabashvili, gabelashvili,gabliashvili,gablishvili,gabiashvili, gabitashvili,gabrava,gabelia,gabelaia,gabilaia, gabeskiria,gabiskiria,gabliani,gabiani,gabuldani da sxv.
gagi,gaga-gvxvdeba dzvel qartul dokumentebshi, mnishvneloba auxsnelia(shdr.kaki).amave saxelis variantebia:gagana,gagna.amatgan warmoqmnili gvarebia: gagadze,gaganidze,gagnidze,gagishvili,gageishvili, gaganashvili,gagnashvili,gagniashvili.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:03

galaqtion


(berdznuli)“rdzisa“,“rdziani“.qristes ert-erti mowamis saxelia.amave berdznuli sityvidanaa nawarmoebi astronomiuli termini galaqtika(“rdzis gza“).berdznuli kt kompleqsi qartulad qt-ti gadmoicema.es wesi daculi ar aris mxolod didi qartveli poetis saxelshi–galaktion(tabidze).



gega

gege(qartuli)piris saxelad gvxvdebaXVI s-dan, gvarebshi–XVII s-dan.es gvarebia:gegashvili,gegeberia, gegeshidze,gegechkori.


gera

(qartuli)igivea rac gela(geri||ngeri aris mgel sityvis kolxuri forma).miigheba agretve gerasime-s shemoklebis gzit.gera hqvia leo qiachelis“gvadi-bigvas “ert-ert personazhs.


germane (latinuri)“ghvidzli dzma“.



gia


giga,gigi(gigia,giguca),gigo,gigilo,gigla,gigoli–qartuli saxelebia,michneuli giorgi-s an grigol-is shemoklebul formebad,tumca warmoshobit zogi matgani mainc damoukidebeli saxeli unda iyos da axla kvlav ibrunebs oficialuri saxelis uflebas.am saxelebisagan nawarmoebia mravali qartuli gvari: gigashvili,gigoshvili,gigolashvili,gigiadze,gigucadze da a.sh.



givi


(sparsuli)mnishvneloba gaurkvevelia.aqedanaa gvari givishvili.givi-s moferebiti formaa giuna,saidanac warmomdgaria gvari giunashvili.
gio(berdznuli)mighebulia giorgi-s shemoklebit. mnishvnelobit udris“miwas“(ix.aqve giorgi).



giorgi


(berdznuli)“mxvnel-mtesveli“,“miwatmoqmedi“.mtel msoflioshi gavrcelebuli saxelia.qartulshi am saxelis fartod gavrcelebas mowmobs gvarebi:giorgadze,giorgidze,gorgadze,gorgidze,gogadze,gogidze,gogia,gogiava. gogishvili,gogiashvili,gogitashvili,gogichaishvili da sxvani.


giuli

sparsuli saxelia, shemosulia turqulis gzit: "vardi".

gogi

gogia,gogita,gogla-giorgi-s kninobiti formebia.amave saxelis shemoklebaa qartulshi damoukidebel saxelad qceuli gio.


goderdzi

(iranuli)“dzlieri xari“.aqedanaa gvarebi:goderdzishvili,goderidze,gordeziani(goderdziani).


gocha


(qartuli)qartuli enis zogi dialeqtis mixedvit gocha nishnavs“berikacs“(mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret geronti,firan),zogi dialeqtis mixedvit-“pataras“ (sheadaret toponimebi:didi jixaishi da gocha jixaishi).gocha hqvia aleqsandre yazbegis ert-erti motxrobis mtavar gmirs–xevisbers.am saxelisagan aris warmoqmnili gvarebi:gochashvili,gochava,gochua.moferebiti formebia:gochia,gochita,gochela,saidanac mighebulia gvarebi:gochiashvili,gochitashvili,gochelashvili,gocheleishvili,gocholashvili,gochaleishvili.


grigol

(berdznuli)“mghvidzare“,“fxizeli“.es saxeli erqva msoflioshi cnobil berdzen mweralsa da saeklesio moghvawes grigol nazianzels(III-IVss.),aseve cnobil saeklesio mwerals,ghvtismetyvelsa da filosofoss grigol nosels(IV s.),saeklesio moghvawes grigol xandztels(759-861),oshkis aghmshenebels grigol oshkels (Xs.)da bevrs sxvas.grigolis kninobit-moferebiti formebia:giga,gigi,gigo,gigla,gigoli,gigola(matga zogi warmoshobit damoukidebeli saxeli unda iyos).grigolisagan nawarmoebi gvarebia:grigolashvili,grigolia,grigolaia,grigolava,toponimebi:grigoleti, grigolishi.bevri gvaria warmoqmnili kninobiti formebisaganac.ishviatad gvxvdeba saxelis forma grigor,saidanac mighebulia gvari grigorashvili.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:04

guliko

(qartuli) nawarmoebia gul sityvisagan saalerso iko sufiqsis dartvit, gvxvdeba kacis saxeladac. mis srul formad itvleba gulisa. dada

(dadia)wm.mowamis saxelia,romlis etimologia daudgenelia.aqedan chans warmoqmnili gvari dadiani.am gvaris pirveli warmomadgeneli ivane dadiani"qartlis cxovrebashi"ixsenieba 1046 wlis ambebtan dakavshirebit. XII s-dan cnobili arian bedan da vardan dadianebi. am gvaris saxelovan moghvaweta shoris gansakutrebit gamoircheva 1245 w.koxtastavis shetqmulebis monawile cotne dadiani,romelic qartulma eklesiam wmindanad sheracxa.


davit

(dzveli ebrauli)mtel msoflioshi dzalze gavrcelebuli bibliuri saxelia,romelic sxvadasxvagvarad ganimarteba:"sayvareli","sasurveli","winamdzgholi","megobari"...davit erqva israelta legendarul mefes, - winaswarmetyvels,fsalmunta avtors.es saxeli saqartveloshic dzalze popularulia,erqva ramdenime qartvel mowames(didmowameni davit da konstantine,-argvetis mtavrebi,davit garejeli da sxv.)erqva saqartvelos atamde mefes,mat shoris yvelaze saxelovans–davit aghmashenebels.am saxelis saalerso-kninobit formebad itvleba qartulshi: data, dato, datia, datuna,datiko,datuka, datua da mravali sxva. sinamdvileshi zogi matgani utuod datvisagan nawarmoebi warmartuli saxelia (datua, datuna, datuka...shdr.mgela, gela, focxvera, loma da a.sh.), rogorc dziritadi,ise saalerso formebisagan sxvadasxva bolosartebis dartvit warmoqmnilia ramdenime ateuli gvari:davitaia, davitashvili,davitishvili, davitadze,davitidze, davitiani,davituliani, davituri,davitoshvili, davitelashvili,davitiashvili,datashvili, datebashvili, datikashvili, datishvili, datoshvili, datuashvili,datuadze, datukashvili,datukishvili, datunashvili, datunaishvili, datusani da sxv.


dali (qartuli) nadirobis qalghmertis saxeli.


dachi

erqva vaxtang gorgaslis vazhs pirveli colisagan.ase rom,es saxeli saqartveloshi udzvelesi droidan gvxvdeba:"xolo vaxtang uwoda dzesa tvissa saxeli sparsulad darchil da qartulad dachi"("qartlis cx."., I,178).arsebobs am saxelis etimologiis ramdenime cda.mzia andronikashvilis azrit,sparsuli saxeli darchil warmoadgens sashualo sparsul formas dzveli iranuli saxelisas darayacivra("tomis,gvaris mflobeli,ufrosi"),sash.sparsuli forma iqneboda darcihr,romelic qartulshi kanonzomierad mogvcemda darchils da dachis.misive azrit,aris meore shesadzleblobac:darcihr gavigot,rogorc mighebuli sashualo sparsulidan-darbcihr("dariosis modgmisa"). akaki shanidzis etimologiis mixedvit,dachi mighebulia qartuli"darchi"zmnis gamartivebit.aghsanishnavia,rom XVII-XVIII ss.istoriul dokumentebshi dasturdeba pirovnuli saxeli darcha,darchia da misgan nawarmoebi gvarebi:darchashvili,darchiashvili,dachiberidze,darchibegishvili,darchia.


demetre


(berdznuli)"miwa–deda",sxvagvari ganmartebis mixedvit "demetrasi".antikuri mitologiis mixedvit demetra miwatmoqmedebis da nayofierebis qalghmertia(igive cerera).es saxeli erqva saqartvelos ramdenime mefes, mat shoris–demetre(igive dimitri)tavdadebuls.dimitri am saxelis gviandeli formaa,sadac e xmovans enacvleba i(es cvlileba berdznulshive moxda).asetive cvlileba sxva saxelebshic momxdara:elia–ilia,herekle_erekle_irakli,esaia_isaia da sxva.ufro dzveli formebi daculia gvarebshi:demetradze,demetrashvili,eliashvili,eloshvili,eliadze,eliava,esaiashvili da a.sh. demetre-sa da dimitri-s shemoklebuli formebia:dito,mito,dutu.


dodo

(qartuli) moferebit: dodona, dodika, dodiko. warmoadgens gogo-s saxecvlil formas, rogorc mas gamotqvamen chvili bavshvebi. dodo gvxvdeba agretve kacis saxelad, romelic sul sxva warmoshobisaa (bibliuri saxelia da " ghvtis megobars " nishnavs).


dina

bibliuri saxelia (svanurad "qalishvils", "gogonas" nishnavs). eteri

(dzveli ebrauli) "varskvlavi", an (berdznuli) "haeri", "eteri". aqedanaa gvari eteria. qartul xalxur legendashi eteri hqvia ulamazes mwyems qalishvils, romelic sheuyvarda mefiswul abesaloms. am legendis siuzhetzea agebuli zaqaria faliashvilis opera "abesalom da eteri".


ekaterine

(berdznuli) "wminda", "umwikvlo". shemoklebuli formaa eka.


elguja

(turquli)"xalxis dzala".elguja hqvia aleqsandre yazbegis amave saxelwodebis romanis mtavar gmirs,ramac xeli sheuwyo am saxelis fartod gavrcelebas chvenshi.



elene

ert-erti im saxeltagania, romlebic mtel msoflioshia gavrcelebuli sxvadasxva formit (ela, elia, lesia, lena, neli da sxva). warmoshobit winareberdznulia da daaxloebit ganmartaven rogorc "natels", "manatobels". berdznul mitologiashi am saxelit cnobilia ulamazesi dedofali – elene. qartulshi am saxelis moferebiti formebia: elo, eliko, lena, neli, leliko.


eliso

qartuli saxelia, shesadzloa mighebuli iyos elisabed-is shemoklebis gzit. eliso hqvia aleqsandre yazbegis amave saxelwodebis motxrobis gmirs.

emzar (iranuli)"tanamacxovrebeli"(etimologia saechvoa)
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:04

erekle

warmoqmnilia berdzenta sayvareli mitologiuri gmiris herkulesis anu herakles saxelisagan.tvit herakle nishnavs"heras(zevsis meughlis)didebas".amave saxelis shedarebit axali formaa irakli.erekle erqva qartvelta or mefes,mat shoris gansakutrebit cnobilia erekle II–patara kaxi. zaal

(sparsuli)"moxuci".es saxeli hqvia firdousis"shah-names"ert-ert gmirs,rostomis mamas,romelic mtlad tetri tmita da warb-wamwamit daibada da mamamisma saamma swored amitom daarqva"moxuci".sxvebma mas uwodes agretve zar-"oqrosi"am ori saxelis sheertebit mighebulia zaalzar,romlis gamartivebuli formaa zaza.zaalis kninobiti formebia:zalika,zaliko. aqedanaa gvarebi:zaalishvili,zalikashvili,zalikiani. saqartvelos istoriidan cnobilia zaal aragvis eristavi(1633-1660ww.).is iyo kaxetis 1659 wlis antiiranuli saxalxo ajanyebis metauri.


zaza


mighebulia"shah-names"gmiris zaal-zar-is saxelisagan (ix.aqve zaal).zaza erqva ramdenime istoriul pirovnebas,romelta shorisac gansakutrebit cnobilia erovnuli damoukideblobisa da ertianobisatvis mebrdzoli politikuri moghvawe da mecnieri,samkurnalo wignis avtori zaza fanaskertel-cicishvili(XVs.)zaza-sa da misi moferebiti formebisagan nawarmoebia gvarebi:zazadze,zazashvili,zaziashvili,zazikashvili,zazanashvili,zazarashvili,zazunashvili



zaur

(iranuli)"dzala".aqedanaa gvarebi:zaurashvili,zavrashvili,zavarashvili(samive varianti dasturdebaXVIIs-dan).


zviad

(qartuli)aqedanaa gvarebi:zviadadze,zviadauri.erqva mweral konstantine gamsaxurdias vazhs,damoukidebeli saqartvelos pirvel prezidents.


zizi

(qartuli) "lamazi" (bavshvis enaze). misi variantuli formebia: zizo, ziziko, zizila, zizilo.


zina, zinaida

(berdznuli) nawarmoebia dzvel berdzenta uzenaesi ghvtaebis, zevsis saxelisagan da nishnavs "zevsisa", "ghvtisa" (mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret qartuli ghvtisia, ghvtisavari). zina winat ixmareboda kacis saxlad, misgan ki nawarmoebi iyo qalis saxeli zinaida. amzhamad orive mxolod qalis saxelad gvxvdeba da zina itvleba zinaida-s shemoklebul formad.


zoia (berdznuli) "sicocxle".



zurab


qartulshi damkvidrebuli formaa sparsuli saxelisa (surxab||suxrab),romelic sityvasityvit itargmneba rogorc"witeli wyali",magram dzvelad is nishnavda agretve witlad moelvare dzvirfas qvas–lals.swored es ukanaskneli mnishvneloba unda edos safudzvlad adamianis saxels.zurabi erqva legendaruli iraneli gmiris rostomis vazhs.igi chvenshi fartod gavrcelda"shah-names"sxva gmirta saxelebis msgavsad.misi kninobiti formebia:zuraba,zura,zuria,zuriko.aqedanaa gvarebi:zurabishvili,zurabashvili,zurashvili, zurikashvili,zurabiani,zurabauli. tatia, tatuli (qartuli).

tamaz (dzveli iranuli)"dzlieri cxeni"an"dzlieri cxenosani". aqedanaa gvari tamazashvili,romelic dokumentebshi dasturdebaXV s-dan.gvxvdeba agretve paraleluri froma tamazishvili.



tamar


ert-ert yvelaze popularuli qalis saxelia saqartveloshi saukuneta mandzilze. am saxelit cnobil istoriul pirtagan gansakutrebit aghsanishnavia tamar mefe (mefobda 1184-1213 wlebshi). es pirveli qartveli mefe-qali eklesiam wmindanad sheracxa da misi saxelic qartulis meshveobit shevida saeklesio kalendarshi. warmoshobit tamars ukavshireben semitur enebs, kerdzod ebrauls, sadac igi "finikis palmas" nishnavs. moferebiti formebia: tamro, tamriko, tamuna, tamunia, tako. tamar-isagan aris nawarmoebi gvarebi tamarashvili, tamaradze, tamarauli, geografiuli saxelebi tamarisi, tamarasheni da sxvani.



tamta

mighebuli chans tahamta-sagan, romelic gvxvdeba rostomis da zogi sxva iraneli gmiris epitetad da nishnavs "ghoniers", "goliats", " dzliers ", "mamacs", "gmirs". sparsetshi da dzvel saqartveloshic vazhis saxeli iyo.


tamriko

qartuli saxelia, mighebuli tamar-is kninobiti formisagan: tamriko_taliko.


tea (berdznuli) "ghvtaeba"


tedo

amzhamad teodores kninobit formad itvleba,magram damoukidebeli saxeli unda iyos.am formit ixmareba ramdenime cnobili piris saxelad(tedo razikashvili,tedo zhordania, tedo saxokia).analogiuri formebia(tedo, tedua)dasturdeba xuritul warwerebshi


teimuraz

(iranuli)"sxeulit dzileri".rogorc fiqroben, misi udzvelesi formaa induri tahmaurupa("dzlieri mela"),magram shemdeg xelaxla iqna gaazrianebuli da saxecvlili iranulshi.es saxeli hqvia"shah-names"ert-ert gmirs,iranis legendarul mefes.saqartveloshi am saxelit cnobilia ori mefe-poeti.teimurazis moferebiti formebia:temo,temuka,temuko,temiko.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:05

tekle


berdznuli) "ghvtis dideba". misive variantebia tekla (erekle mefis umcros qalishvils xumrobit tekle-bichs edzaxdnen). am saxelis pirvel nawils sheadgens teos - "ghmerti", romelic shedis agretve mraval sxva sakutar saxelshi (ix. tedore), meore nawilia kleos - "dideba", romelsac sheicavs agretve evropashi gavrcelebuli qalis saxeli kleopatra - "mamis dideba".



temur

(turqul-mongholuri)"rkina".es saxeli erqva mongholta urdoebis winamdzghols temurlengs(e.i."kochl temurs"),romelsac rusebi tamerlans edzaxian,saxeli temuri mongholuridan gadasula turqulshi da am ukanasknelis meshveobit chvenshiac gavrcelda.



tengiz

igivea rac chingiz,rac mongholurad"dids","dzliers"nishnavs.mongholta dzlevanmosili saxelmwifos damaarsebels chingizxans saxelad temuchini erqva.chingizxani("dzlieri,didi xani")misi wodeba iyo,romelic shemdeg sakutar saxelad iqna gagebuli.am saxelma turqulshi tengiz-is forma miigho da aqedan shemovida qartulshi.turqulis mixedvit mas xshirad"zghvad"targmnian.



teo

(berdznuli) "ghmerti", "ghvtaeba". teo-s (aseve tekle-s) kninobitia qartulshi teko.


teona

(berdznuli) "ghvtis fiqri", "ghvtis goneba". adre kacis saxeli iyo da shemdgom iqca qalis saxelad.


tinatin

(qartuli) "mzis sxivis anarekli", "mocimcime sxivi". "vefxistyaosnis" ert-erti mtavari gmiri qalis saxelia da am poemis wyalobit dzalze gavrcelda qartulshi. misi moferebiti formebia tina, tiko, tiniko, tinuka, tinano.tinatin (qartuli) "mzis sxivis anarekli", "mocimcime sxivi". "vefxistyaosnis" ert-erti mtavari gmiri qalis saxelia da am poemis wyalobit dzalze gavrcelda qartulshi. misi moferebiti formebia tina, tiko, tiniko, tinuka, tinano.


toma

(dzveli ebrauli)"marchbivi"anu"tyupis cali(tyuptagan ert-erti)".toma erqva qristes ert-ert mociquls:" mociqulta saxelebi ese ars:...toma da mateoz mezuere "(mate10,3).toma-sagan warmoqmnili gvarebia: tomadze,tomashvili,tomiashvili,tomaia,tomava.amatgan tomiashvili gvxvdeba 1523 wlis sigelshi,tomadze–1544 w.,danarchenebi–XVIIs-dan.


tornike

(berdznuli)kompozitia,romlis pirveli nawilis(tor-)mnishvneloba bundovania,meore nawils ki warmoadgens nike-"gamarjveba"(shdr.andronike,kalenike,nikandro,nikoloz da sxv.).es saxeli erqva saxelovan qartvel mxedartmtavars tornike eristavs,romlis sardlobitac qartvelta lashqarma daamarcxa bizantiis imperatoris winaaghmdeg ajanyebuli skliarosi(979 w.) am gamarjvebit mopovebuli nadavlis udidesi nawili tornikem moaxmara qartvelta monastris msheneblobas atonis mtaze,sadac is berad iyo aghkvecili ioanes saxelit. ia

adreuli gazafxulis yvavilis asxelia, berdznulad mas hqvia ion. misi mravlobiti ricxvis formaa ia, romelic qalis saxelad aris qceuli da shesulia evropul enebshic. magalitad, rusulshi, frangulshi (ix. viola, violeta). igive sityva nasesxebia yvavilis saxeladac (sheadaret rusuli фиалка - "ia", фиолетовый - "iisferi"). aseve qartulshic ia shemosulia yvavilis aghsanishnavadac da qalis saxeladac. ia qalis saxelad gvxvdeba borjomis xeobashi mariamwmindis eklesiis freskaze (XII-XIII ss.), romelzec gamosaxuli arian qali da vazhi (chans, deda-shvili) iai da shota. shesadzleblad aris michneuli, rom eseni shota rustaveli da dedamisi iyvnen.



iago

espanuri formaa iakob-isa,anda mighebulia iagor-is shemoklebit.


iakob

(dzveli ebrauli)"mimyoli","mimdevari".tavdapirvelad nishnavda tyuptagan meores,momdevnos,shemdeg ki sheidzina mnishvneloba ghvtis mimyolis anu ghvtis kvalze mavalisa.es saxeli erqva bibliuri isakis vazhs,ebraelta mamamtavars.gvxvdeba udzveles qartul teqstebshi:"xrquan...iakob da ioseb"(mate13,55).moepoveba mravalgvari fonetikuri variantebi da kninobit-saalerso formebi:iayob,yobo(qartvel ebraelebshi),akof,akop(katolikeebsa da grigorianelebshi),iakof,iakub,koba,iako,ia,iasha...aseve mravalferovania matgan warmoqmnili gvarebi:iakobashvili,iakobishvili,iakobadze,iakobidze,iakofishvili, iakubidze,akobashvili,akofashvili,akobidze,akobia,akofia,kobiashvili,kobidze da sxv.


igor

warmoshobit igivea,rac iagor.shemosulia rusulidan.


ivane

(dzveli ebrauli iehoxanan,iohanan-"ghmertma sheiwyala")"visac ghmerti swyalobs","ghvtis mier shewyalebuli".natlismcemlis saxelia,romelic ebraulidan nasesxebi aqvs berdznuls,aqedan ki sxvadasxva saxecvlilebit shesulia msoflios mraval enashi.qartulshi shemosulia berdznuli vokativis(wodebiti brunvis)formit da xanmet-haemet teqstebshi(ufro gvianac)gvxvdeba iohane, shemdeg_ioane da iovane,bolos–ivane,shemoklebit_vano. oriode magaliti:"ara aghdgomil ars nashobtagani dedatai xufrois iohanes natlismcemelisa"(mate11,11),"ewoden magas iohane"(luka1,60ch,shdr.DE–iovane).
cnobili mwignobari iovane-bera,iniciatori da redaqtori shatberdis krebulisa(Xs.60-70-ian wlebshi) da gadamweri parxlis otxtavisa(973w.)am xelnawerta anderdz-minawershi xan iovane-s formit ixseniebs tavis saxels,xan ki ivane-s formit.saxeldobr,parxlis otxtavis anderdzshi ertgan ikitxeba:"ghirs viqmen me,glaxaki iovane,nartaulad berai,aghsrulebad wmidasa amas saxarebasa otxtavsa",meoregan:"me,ivaneberaman,mweralman shatberdelman,shatberds davwere da parxals shevwire salocvelad yovelta dzmata shatberdelta".am mxriv gansakutrebit sainteresoa shatberdis krebulis anderdzi,sadac mwerals jer dauweria iovane,magram shemdeg o amoushlia.aqedan chans,rom Xs.meore naxevarshi qartul metyvelebashi ukve ivane iyo damkvidrebuli,magram werisas,literaturuli tradiciis gavlenit,jer kidev iovane scharbobda.shemoklebuli forma vano(vana)werilobit dadasturebuliaXVIs-dan(1568 w.giorgi mefis shewirulobis sigelshi shd-2901 ixsenieba vanadze mamisai).shemoklebuli formidan aseve nawarmoebia gvarebi:vanidze,vanishvili,vaneshvili.sxva variantebidan warmoqmnili gvarebia:ivaneishvili,ivanishvili,ivanidze,ivanauri,ivanashvili,ivanadze,zhvania(_iovania).
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:06

iveri

qartvelta aghmnishvneli etnonimia(dzveli formaa iberi).aqedanaa qveynis saxelwodeba iveria(iberia).ase ixsenieba qartvelebi da saqartvelo antikur da bizantiur wyaroebshi.mogviano xanebshi etnonimi iveri gamoyenebuli iqna pirovnul saxelad(antroponimad),iveria-sagan ki warmoiqmna sadaurobis saxeli iverieli.cnobilia ruminetis ganmanatlebeli,mwerali da sazogado moghvawe,vlaxetis mitropoliti antimoz iverieli(daaxloebit 1650-1716 ww.),warmoshobit qartveli,romelmac didi wvlili sheitana ruminuli saliteraturo enis ganvitarebasa da wignis bechdvis saqmeshi.iverieli(ruminulad–iverianu)misi zedwodebaa da ara gvari.gvari iverieli gasul saukuneshi warmoishva da jerjerobit dzalze mcirericxovania.




ilia


(dzveli ebrauli)"iahve(ieghova)–ghmerti chemi".bibliuri winaswarmetyvelis saxelia.misi dzveli formaa elia,berdznuli–elioz.berdznul mitologiashi elia||ilia amindisa da cheqa-quxilis ghmertad itvleba,mighebuli aqvs mnishvneloba"mzianisa","mziurisa".es saxeli fartod aris gavrcelebuli saqartveloshic.ilia erqva mraval gamochenil pirovnebas.aq sakmarisia gavixsenot mwerali da udidesi sazogado moghvawe ilia chavchavadze. ilias kninobiti formebia:ila,ilo,iliko.misgan nawarmoebia gvari iliadze.am mxriv gacilebit didi mravalferovnebit gamoircheva elia(ix.).



inga

(skandinaviuri) ukavshirdeba dzveli islandielebis ghmertis saxels ingve-s qartulshi axali nasesxebia.


ina

axali nasesxebia evropulidan, sadac adre gavrcelebuli yofila kacis saxeladac. ukavshirdeba latinurs da targmnian rogorc "niaghvari", magram zusti mnishvneloba da warmomavloba ucnobia.



ioseb


(dzveli ebrauli)"gamravleba","mateba",sityva-sityvit:"is(e.i.ghmerti)gaamravlebs","shehmatebs".ebraelta mamamtavris,bibiliuri iakobis,vazhis saxelia, romelic fartod aris gavrcelebuli mtel msoflioshi. qartul udzveles dzeglebshive gvxvdeba paraleluri formebi–ioseb/iosef:"romeli sagonebel xiyo dzed iosebisa"(luka,3,23),shdr."...dzed iosefisa"(luka3,30).misi kninobiti formebia:soso,sosia,sosoia,sosiko, osiko.iosebisa da misi variantuli formebisagan warmoqmnilia mravali qartuli gvari:iosebashvili,iosebidze,iosebadze,iosefashvili,iosefaishvili,osipashvili da sxv.


irakli

(berdznuli)"heras dideba(hera-zevsis meughle,qorwinebisa da colqmruli siyvarulis ghvtaeba berdznul mitologiashi).es saxeli erqva mitiur gmirs –heras da zevsis shvils–herkuless anu herakles(ix.agretve erekle).


irine


(berdznuli) "mshvidoba". misi shemoklebuli formaa ira (es ukanaskneli sheidzleba mighebuli iyos iraida-s shemoklebitac, romelic agretve berdznuli saxelia da nishnavs "gmir qals" an "heras asuls").



irma

qartuli saxelia, garegnulad emtxveva germanul saxels, romelsac sul sxva mnishvneloba aqvs da " irminisadmi (omis ghmertisadmi) shewiruls " nishnavs. karlo

italiuri formaa dzveli germanuli saxelisa, romelic " mamakacs " nishnavs. germanulad gamoitqmis karl, frangulad - sharl, inglisurad - charlz (mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret qartuli kacia, megruli kochia, berdznuli arseni da sxv.). karl-isagan nawarmoebia qalis saxelic karolina ( " karlisa ", e.i. " mamacisa ").


kato qartuli saxelia, mighebuli ekaterine-s shemoklebit.


kaxa, kaxi

(qartuli) pirovnul saxelad qceulia qartvelta ert-erti satomo saxeli (etnonimi), romelic sakutar saxelad cnobilia VIII s-dan. amdroindeli moghvawea qartveli wmindani kostanti kaxi, romlis shesaxebac misi biografi gvamcnobs: " mas zhamsa oden iyo vinme queyanasa qartlisasa, sanaxebsa zena soflisasa, kaci, romelsa saxeli erqua kostanti, romelsa ewoda kaxai saxelad mamulisa mis qveynisa " (agiografiuli dzeglebi, I, 165). rogorc vxedavt, kaxa kostantis zedwodebaa, damatebiti saxelia, sherqmeuli " mamuli qveynis " mixedvit. sxvagan, atenis sionis warwerashi (853 w.), igive piri mxolod kaxas saxelit ixsenieba: " da masve ttuesa agustossa kv-sa, dghesa shabatsave, ziraq sheipyra kaxai da dzec misi tarkuji ". am wyarota mixedvit unda davaskvnat, rom kaxa metsaxeli ki araa, namdvilad saxelia, oghond is oficialur saxels ar warmoadgenda (am funqcias kostanti asrulebda). roca qristestvis wamebuli kostanti eklesiam wmindanad aghiara, amis shemdeg kaxi (kaxa) ukve qristinul kalendarul saxelad iqca. kostanti kaxi arabebma sikvdilit dasajes 853 wels, roca is 85 wlis moxuci iyo. amrigad, is dabadebuli yofila 768 wels da am droisatvis saxeli kaxa (kaxi) ukve arsebobda, oficilur saxelad ki IX s-dan iqca. kaxi da misi variantebi kaxa, kaxo, kaxua safudzvlad udevs gvarebs: kaxidze, kaxishvili, kaxiani, kaxashvili, kaxadze, kaxaia, kaxoidze, kaxoiani, kaxoshvili, kaxiashvili, kaxuashvili. imave saxeliasagan ???ber’ bolosartit nawarmoebia kaxaberi, romelic gvxvdeba rogorc gvarad, ise saxelad. kaxaber-isagan shemdgomshi xelaxla nawarmoebia gvarebia: kaxabrishvili, kaxaberidze, kaxberidze. zemoxsenebuli gvarebidan yvelaze adre (XIVs.) gvxvdeba kaxaberidze da kaxiani.
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:06

klara

(latinuri) "nateli". axali nasesxebia evropuli enebidan.


koba

(qartuli) michneulia iakobis shemoklebul formad, magram amgvari dakavshireba gviandeli ambavi unda iyos. yovel shemtxvevashi koba qartulshi damoukidebel saxelad aris qceuli. es saxeli hqvia aleqsandre yazbegis "mamis mkvlelis" ert-ert moqmed gmirs. koba ioseb jughashvilis (stalinis) fsevdonimi iyo. am saxelisagan warmoqmnilia gvarebi: kobaidze, kobidze, kobiashvili.

koki

(qartuli) misi kninobiti formebia: koka, kokinia, kokila. amatgan modis gvarebi: kokaia, kokashvili, kokilashvili.

konstantine

(latinuri) "mtkicesi", "uryevisa", "medgarisa" (iglisxmeba: shvili). misi shemoklebuli formebia: kote, kosta, kowia, kowo. amatganaa gvarebi: kotetishvili, kostava.


kote


konstantine-s shemoklebuli formaa qartulshi, aqvs damoukidebel saxelad qcevis tendencia (gavixsenot cnobili msaxiobi kote mesxi, rezhisori kote marjanishvili, kompozitori kote focxverashvili, msaxiobi kote maxaradze). misi kninobiti forma unda iyos kotia, kotua, koteti, romlebic daculia gvarebshi: kotashvili, kotiashvili, kotetishvili, kotua.



kukuri (qartuli) "kokobi vardi", "vardis kokori". lado

momdinareobs vladimer-isagan,qartulshi qceulia damoukidebel saxelad(lado aghniashvili,lado mesxishvili,lado gudiashvili,lado grigolia,lado asatiani,lado avaliani).misi moferebiti formaa ladiko.


lali

warmoshobit dzveli induria, aghnishnavda witeli feris dzvirfas tvals – lals, aqedanaa ki saertod witel fers. rogorc erti, ise meore mnishvnelobit igi isesxa araertma aghmosavlurma enam. sxvadasxva gzit am sityvas ukavshirdeba saxelebi lali, lala, lale, lola. zogi matgani aghmosavletis xalxebshi gvxvdeba kacis saxeladac. aqedanaa gvarebi: lalashvili, laliashvili, lolashvili.



lamara

axali warmoqmnili qartuli saxelia. svanetshi, ushgulis temshi, aris wminda mariamis saxelobis tadzari, romelsac lamara hqvia ( "mariamisa"). aqedan aris mighebuli lamara. pirvelad gvxvdeba gr. robaqidzis amave saxelwodebis piesashi.


lana

(slavuri) moferebiti formaa, mighebuli svetlana, ruslana da sxva msgavsi saxelebis shemoklebis gzit.



latavra

(sparsuli) "ratis asuli". misi adrindeli formaa latavri, romelic mematianis cnobit, qalis saxelad gvxvdeba jer kidev VII sukuneshi: " xolo aman juansher sheirto coli, natesavi bagrationta, asuli adarnasesi, saxelit latavri " (qartlis cxovreba ", I, 251). es saxeli gvxvdeba X saukuneshic - " serapion zarzmelis cxovrebashi ". dzvelad gvxvdeboda agretve analogiurad nawarmoebi qalis saxelebi: gvaramavri da perozhavri. latavra hqvia sandro shanshiashvilis amave saxelwodebis dramisa da zaqaria faliashvilis operis mtavar moqmed gmirs.


lasha

(qartuli)"nateli","shuqi".lashari salocavia fshav-xevsuretshi,alashara afxazurad"sinatles"nishnavs.lasha kavshirshia am sityvebtan,igi momdinareobs warmartuli ghvtaebis saxelisagan.cnobilia saqartvelos mefe lasha-giorgi,tamar mefis vazhi(mefobda 1213-1222 wlebshi).


leila

(arabuli) "ghame", gadatanit - "shavi", "shavgvremani". sxvagvari etimologiit, arabulshi shesulia dzveli ebraulidan, sadac lilia, lili nishnavs "shroshans". ebraulidan es sityvac da sakutari saxelic nasesxebia agretve latinurshi da mtel rig evropul enebshi.


lena

(slavuri) moferebiti saxelia, mighebuli elena, eleonora, vilena, leonina da sxva msgavsi saxelebis shemoklebit gzit.


lia

(dzveli ebrauli) etimologia dauzustebelia, arsebobs ramdenimegvari varaudi, romelta mixedvit sheidzleba nishnavdes "dekeuls", an "antilopas", an kidev "daqanculs", "daghlils".



lida, lidia (berdznuli) "lidieli" (lidia mcire aziis ert-erti qveynis saxelwodebaa).


liliana

axali nasesxebia evropuli enebidan, sadac mas ukavshireben yvavilis latinur saxels: lilia - "shroshani" (tavis mxriv es latinuri saxelwodeba dzveli ebraulidan modis).



lomin

(qartuli)arakalendaruli saxelia,saeklesiio kalendris mixedvit mas sheefardeba leon,leonti,arsiane(mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret agretve ebrauli ariel,turquli arslan,aslan da sxvani).winat gvxvdeboda agretve lom-isagan nawarmoebi qartuli saxelebi:lomia,lomisa.matgan nawarmoebia mravali gvari:lomidze,lomadze,lomishvili,
lomashvili,lomiashvili,lomauri,lomaia,lomia,lomtadze,lomtatidze,lominadze,lominashvili,lomineishvili, lomsadze da sxvani.



luarsab

es iranuli saxeli ori sityvisagan shedgeba:rudhr"witeli"da asp"cxeni".mashasadame rudhr-asp(saidanac mighebulia sparuli luhrasp),nishnavs"witel(qurana,wabla)cxens".aghsanishnavia,rom iranelebi cxens did pativs scemdnen da mastan dakavshirebul saxelebs xshirad arqmevdnen bavshvebs. amitomac iq bevria asp("cxeni")daboloebiani saxelebi,romeltagan zogi qartulshic dasturdeba:gulaspi,gorjaspi(?gojaspir), bevraspi,xazaraspi da sxva.luhraspi hqvia"shah-names" gmirs,legendarul mefes.saqartveloshi luarsabi erqva or mefesXVI-XVII saukuneebshi.luasrabis shemoklebuli formaa lua,fonetikuri variantia levarsi.am saxelisagan mighebulia gvarebi:luarsabishvili, luarsamidze,luashvili.


luka

latinuri luqs ( " sinatle ") sityva natesaobit brunvis formit (lukis - " sinatlisa ", " natlisa ") qceulia sakutar saxelad berdznulshi, sadac gvxvdeba lukas, aqedan ki igi sxvadasxvagvari fonetikuri saxecvlilebit shedis mravali qristiani xalxis antroponimiashi. imave latinuri sityvisagan momdinareobs agretve ramdenime sxva saxelic: lukiane, lukiliane, lukreciusi, lukiana, lukina, lukia, lukrecia. qartulshi luka-sagan nawarmoebia gvarebi madona

(italiuri) "chemo qalbatono". ase uwodeben katolikeebi ghvtismshobels. asetive iyo qalisadmi zrdilobiani mimartvis forma, romelic shemdgomshi pirovnul saxelad iqca.


mate

(dzveli ebrauli)"ghvtis kaci","ghvtis nachuqari".fartod gavrcelebuli bibliuri saxelia,erqva ert-ert maxarobels,qristes mociquls.mnishvnelobis mxriv mas sheidzleba shevadarot ebrauli natan,berdznuli tevdore da dorote,slavuri bogdan...mate-sagan nawarmoebia gvarebi:mateshvili,mateishvili,matiashvili, matikashvili


maia

dzveli induri ghvtaebis – budas dedis saxelia. aseve ewodeba merkuris anu hermesis dedas berdznul mitologiashi.



maiko

maia-s, mariam-is an makrine-s saalerso formaa. am saxit mxolod qartulshi warmogvidgeba.


maka

evropul enebshi damkvidrebuli formaa, mighebuli iseti saxelebis shemoklebis gzit, rogoricaa makrine, maria, margarita da sxv.



mamuka

(qartuli)winat gvxvdeboda agretve misi kninobiti forma mamukela.amatgan mighebulia gvarebi:mamukadze,mamukashvili,mamukishvili,mamukelashvili.



manana

(dzveli ebrauli) bibliuri saxelia, nishnavs "mcires", "cit movlenils", gadatanit "zeciur purs" (romelsac ghmerti ugzavnida samshoblodan devnil ebraelebs). qalis saxelad gansakutrebit fartod gavrcelda saqartveloshi bolo dros.


manuchar

(iranuli)"ciuri(samotxiseburi)saxis mqone".misi fonetikuri variantia nanucha.manucharis dzveli formaa manushchitra,rac"manushis mtaze dabadebuls"nishnavs,magram jer kidev firdousis dros(X s.)am saxels dakarguli hqonia dzveli mnishvneloba da nishnavda"samotxiseburi saxis mqones".manuchari"shah-names"ert-erti gmiria.is shvilishvilia iranis taxtis memkvidris irejisa,romelic dzmebma mokles.mamamisi feriduni amis gamo dabrmavda.roca irejis shvilishvili daibada,feridunma ghmerts shestxova,wutit daebrunebina mistvis mxedveloba,rom axaldabadebuli daenaxa,ghmertma txovna sheusrula da feridunma bavshvs manuchari("samotxis saxisa")daarqva.


mari (dzveli ebrauli) "mware".


maria berdznuli formaa dzveli ebrauli saxelisa mariam (ix. aqve, qvemot). es forma qartulisatvis nakleb damaxasiatebelia, tumca gvxvdeba jer kidev XI s-shi: "brdzanebisa mier maradis saxsenebelisa dedoflisa ufala mariamisi" (A 52, iovanes tavis targmanebis sataurshi). rogorc akademikosi elene metreveli fiqrobs, es forma utuod berdznuli dednidanaa gadmosuli (narkvevebi, gv. 232).



marina, marine


(latinuri) "zghvisa". latinurad zghvas ewodeba mare, romelic safudzvlad udzevs vazhis saxelebs: marian, marin, mari, xolo amatgan shemdeg warmoqmnilia qalis saxelebi: marina||marine, mariana da sxvani (sheadaret rusuli море - "zghva" , marinisti hqvia mwerals an mxatvars, romlis shemoqmedebis mtavari temaa zghva). xsenebul paralelur formatagan qartulshi amzhamad yvelaze popularulia marina (nasesxebi slavuridan), tumca istoriulad ufro dzveli da latinurtan axlos mdgomi formaa marine.




mayvala

(qartuli) aghnishnavs "shavtuxas", "shavgvremans". mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret mavra, melania.


megi magdas inglisuri formaa.


medea

dzveli qartuli saxelia, gaurkveveli mnishvnelobisa. gamotqmulia varaudi, rom es saxeli sheidzleba ukavshirdebodes zmnas ???minda’ (shdr. vazhis saxeli mindia) e.i. nishnavdes " sasurvels ", tavdapirvelad ki - " grdzneuls " (g. rogava). misi moferebiti formaa mediko. cnobili berdznuli mitis mixedvit, medea erqva kolxetis mefis asuls, argonavtebis winamdzghol iazonis meughles (dzv. w. VIII s.). arsebobs safudzvliani varaudi, rom am saxelisagan momdinareobdes mecnierebis dargis saxelwodeba – medicina.



meri

mariam-is inglisuri formaa, romelic qartulshi axali shemosulia. es saxeli hqvia galaktion tabidzis poeturi ocnebis qalishvils, romelsac poetma miudzghvna ramdenime shesanishnavi leqsi.


mirza

kompozitia,shedgenili arabul-sparsuli sityvebisagan: amir-zade-"amiris shvili".amiri shua aziashi arabta mosvlis droidan ewodeboda mxedartmtavars,mmartvels.amirobit adiwyo tavisi kariera temur-lengma,romelmac shemdgom titqmis naxevari azia daipyro,magram mainc sheinarchuna amiris tituli da ar gacvala igi ufro sapatio wodebaze–xanze(am tituls atarebdnen mongholta beladis chingiz-xanis shtamomavlebi,temuri ki mat ar ekutvnoda),xolo temuris shvilebma miighes wodeba amir(emir)-zade.aqedan tavbolos mokvecit mighebulia mirza,romelic gvxvdeba rogorc titulad,ise sakutar saxelad.mashasadame,misi tavdapirveli mnishvnelobaa"ufliswuli ","batonishvili".mogviano xanebshi ase mimartavdnen agretve mdivan-mwignobrebs,mwerlebs,oghond am shemtxvevashi mirza saxelis win daismis,mashin roca"ufliswulis"mnishvnelobit is saxels mosdevs.chvenshi am saxelis gavrcelebas mowmobs gvari mirzashvili da geografiuli saxeli mirzaani.cnobili qartveli poeti iyo mirza gelovani.



mixeil

(ix.aqve zemot miqela).misi kninobiti formebia:mixa, mixo,mixako.


murman

aghmosavluri saxelis murvan-is fonetikuri varianti unda iyos.aqedanaa gvarebi murmanishvili,murvanishvili,murvanidze.murmani hqvia qartuli legendis"abesalom da eteris"ert-ert personazhs
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

წერილი Nataly » 18 მარ 2010, 18:06

muxran

(qartuli)"muxiani","muxisa"(mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret besarion,silovan,silibistro,silva,silvina) nazi

(iranuli) "koxta". dzvel iranulshi am saxels atarebdnen kacebi, axal sparsulshi daukavshirda qals. qartulshi mxolod qalis saxelad gvxvdeba. misi moferebiti formebia: nazia, nazo, naziko.


natela


(qartuli) ert-erti dzalze gavrcelebuli saxelia qalisa, winat kacis saxeladac gvxvdeboda (mnishvnelobis mxriv sheadaret: luka, lukina, fotine, roqsana, klara, lucia, luchia, svetlana da sxvani) aqedanaa gvarebi: natelashvili, nateladze, natelauri. natela hqvia akaki weretlis amave saxelwodebis poemis mtavar gmirs.


natia

(qartuli) natelas paraleluri formaa. gvxvdeba jer kidev XV s. damdegs: rogorc "qartlis cxovreba" gvauwyebs, mefe giorgi VII-s colad esva qucna amirejibis asuli natia. natelas msgavsad natia (natai) gvxvdeba kacis saxeladac (ixsenieba, magalitad, svanetis krebis matianeshi, romelsac XIII s. meore naxevrit atarigheben). misgan chans mighebuli gvarebi: natadze, natidze, natishvili.


naili

(arabuli) "sachuqari". arabulshi kacis saxelia. qalis saxelad qceulia azerbaijanulshi nailia-s formit.


nana

(berdznuli) "pawawina". es saxeli erqva qartlis dedofals, mirianis meughles, mociqulta swors, romlis drosac qristianoba damkvidrda saqartveloshi (IV s.). arsebobs varaudi, rom nana shesadzloa ukavshirdebodes dzveli xeturi ghvtaebis saxelwodebas. mastan kavshirshia momdevno ramdenime saxelic.



nani

(qartuli) gvxvdeba svanetis krebis matianeshi (XIII s.). nanasa da nanis moferebiti formebia: nania, nano, naniko, nanuka.


nanuli


(qartuli) esec nanis saalerso formaa, qceuli damoukidebel saxelad.


nargiza

(berdznuli) paraleluri formaa nargizi. antikuri mitis mixedvit, narkisi anu narcisi erqva tavis tavze sheyvarebul lamaz chabuks, romelic tavisi silamazis sachvretad sul erttavad wyalshi iyureboda da ghmertebma yvavilad aqcies. am yvavilis saxeli qartulad gadmoicema nargizis formit da igi qalis saxelad gamoiyeneba. igi saertod aghmosavletshi gavrcelebulia qalis saxelad, tvit berdznulshi ki narkisi anu narcisi vazhis saxelia, narkisa – qalisa. saxelis fudzea berdznuli zmna narkao - "vashesheb" (sheadaret sityva narkozi).


natalia

(latinuri) "bunebrivi", "mshobliuri". dies natalis latinurad "dabadebis dghes" nishnavs. natali kacis saxelia, romlisganac chveulebriv sufiqsis dartvit nawarmoebia qalis saxeli natalia. misi shemoklebuli formebia nata, nato. rusuli moferebiti formaa natasha.



nato

natalias shemoklebuli forma – qartulshi qceulia damoukidebel saxelad. gaixsenet, magalitad, gamochenili msaxiobi qalebi – nato gabunia da nato vachnadze.


neli

elene-s (an kidev madlena-s) moferebiti formaa. axali nasesxebia evropuli enebidan.


nestan

nestan-darejan-is pirveli nawilia, qceuli calke saxelad. nestan-darejan momdinareobs sparsuli gamotqmisagan: nest andare jahan - " sworupovari ", ufro zustad: " ar aris qveynad (misi toli) ". es saxeli hqvia " vefxistyaosnis " mtavar gmir qals. sruli (kompozitiuri) forma, garda " vefxistyaosnisa ", dadasturebulia istoriul dzeglebshi (ix.saqartvelos sidzveleni, III, 140). amzhamad rogorc nestani, ise darejani gvxvdeba cal-calke saxelebad (ix. darejan).


nestor (berdznuli)"shin(samshobloshi)dabrunebuli"



nia (berdznuli) "axali".



niaz

(sparsuli)"wadili","survili","sazrunavi","satxovari","sachuqari".aqedanaa gvari niazashvili.


nika

(berdznuli)gamarjvebuli qalghmertis saxelia antikur mitologiashi,berdznulshi gvxvdeba qalis saxelad,qartulshi ki michneulia nikoloz-is an nikandro-s shemoklebul formad da vazhis saxelad aris qceuli.


niko

warmoagdens nikolozis shemoklebul formas,qartulshi axasiatebs damoukidebel saxelad qcevis tendencia (niko nikoladze,niko lortqifanidze,niko mari,niko gociridze,niko musxelishvili,niko kecxoveli da sxvani).


nikoloz


(berdznuli)shedgeba ori sityvisagan:nike-"gamarjvebuli "da laos-"xalxi".amatgan pirveli sityva nike shedis berdznuli warmoshobis araerti saxelis shemadgenlobashi, rogoricaa,magalitad:nikandro("gamarjveba vazhkacisa"), nikanor("gamarjvebata mxilveli"),nikita("gamarjvebuli"),nikifore("dzlevamosili"),nikodimos(" gamarjveba xalxisa"),nikostrate("gamarjveba lashqrisa, armiisa").am saxeltagan qartulshi adridanve dasturdeba da dghesac fartod aris gavrcelebuli nikoloz(nikolooz//nikolaoz,nikolaos),shemoklebit– nika,niko,nikola.misgan nawarmoebia gvarebi:nikolozishvili,nikoladze,nikolaishvili,nikoleishvili.


nineli

(rusuli) axali warmoqmnili saxelia, romelshiac bolodan ikitxeba lenini.



nino

ert-ert yvelaze fartod gavrcelebuli qalis saxelia saqartveloshi udzvelesi droidan dghemde. nino erqva qartvelta ganmanatlebels, mociqulta swors, IV saukuneshi. am saxelis etimologia daudgenelia. zogiertis azris, shesadzloa ukavshirdebodes asiriuli nayofierebis ghvtaebis saxels nin-s (misganve momdinareobs asiriis dedaqalaqis saxelwodeba ninevia). yovel shemtxvevashi, nino am formit mxolod qartvelebshi gvxvdeba da qartul saxels warmoadgens, mas aravitari kavshiri ara aqvs evropul enata nina-stan, romelic anina, katarina, jovanina da sxva mistana saxelta shemoklebit aris mighebuli. ninos moferebiti formebia: niniko, ninuca, nuca, nuciko. misgan nawarmoebia gvari ninoshvili.


nodar (iranuli)"dzalian axalgazrda".


nona


(egvipturi) "ghvtisadmi midzghvnili", "ghvtisadmi shewiruli". sxvagvari etimologiit, latinurad nishnavs "mecxres" (nawarmoebia nonus vazhis saxelisagan). bolo dros am saxelis fartod gavrcelebas gansakutrebit sheuwyo xeli saxelovani mochadrakis, msoflios xutgzis chempionis, nona gafrindashvilis popularobam
Nataly
Chveniani

ava
 
წერილები: 2285
დარეგისტრირებულია: 27 ივნ 2009, 01:18
მდებარეობა: Tbilisi

შემდეგი.

დაბრუნება =>ZOGADI TEMEBI

[ ვინ სად? ]

ამ დროისთვის ამ ფორუმს ათვალიერებს: დარეგისტრირებული მომხმარებლები არ არიან და სტუმარი: 0